2 EUROPEAN MOTIVESECONOMICPOLITICALRELIGIOUSEXPLORATORYIDEOLOGICAL
3 MOTIVES ACTIVITY DIRECTIONS: WITH YOUR PARTNER, VISIT EACH DESK STATION TO EXAMINE THE PLACARDFILL IN THE CHART AS YOU GOYOU HAVE 5 MINUTES AT EACH STATIONMOVE CLOCKWISE AROUND THE ROOM
4 Which motive do you think was the most compelling for European Imperialists and why?
5 Imperialism: the domination by one country of the political, economic, or cultural life of another country or regionWhat is this cartoon saying about imperialism?
6 The Rapid Spread of Western Imperialism Weakness of non-Western StatesEuropeans grew stronger, while older empires in the Middle East, India and China were on the declineWars among African states and the damaging effects of the slave trade made newer African states too weak to oppose the WesternersWestern AdvantagesStrong economies, stable governments, strong navies and armies, new technologies and advances in medicineSuperior weaponry: Maxim machine guns, repeating rifles and steam driven warships
7 Forms of Imperial RuleDirect Rule: Sending officials and soldiers from the mother country to the colony.Goal was to impose culture and turn the land into coloniesFranceAlgeria, Tunisia, West & Central AfricaIndochina: Vietnam, Laos, CambodiaGreat BritainSouth Africa & IrelandUnited StatesHawaii & the Philippines
8 Forms of Imperial RuleIndirect Rule: used sultans, chiefs or other local ruling class rulers to govern the coloniesEncouraged children of ruling class to be educated in the ruling countryStill could use military force if control was threatenedGreat BritainWest and East Africa, Egypt, & India
9 Forms of Imperial RuleProtectorate: local rulers left in place and expected to follow advice of European advisors on issues like trade or missionary activityCost less to run than a true colony and does not require a large commitment of vast military strengthJapanKorea
10 Forms of Imperial RuleSphere of Influence: an outside power claims exclusive investment or trading privilegesEuropeans in ChinaUnited States’ in Latin AmericaThe Monroe Doctrine 1823: “The American continents are henceforth not to be considered as subjects for future colonization by any European powers.”Europeans and United States’ in Japan initiallyJapan in Taiwan
11 The United States’ Imperial Desires Latin America: following the revolutions of the 1800s, 20 separate and newly independent nations emergedProblems:Class systemCivil warsCatholic Church
12 Mexico Struggles for Stability Settlers moved from the US into Mexico’s northern territory, TexasThey revolt against a Mexican caudillo Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna and win their independenceThe United States annexed Texas in 1845 causing a war with MexicoMexico lost and the Treaty of Gaudalupe-Hidalgo ceded almost half of Mexican territory to the United StatesUS gets California, Arizona, New Mexico, Nevada, Utah and Colorado
13 The United States & Economic Imperialism The Monroe Doctrine 1823: “The American continents are henceforth not to be considered as subjects for future colonization by any European powers.”
14 The Monroe DoctrineWhat do the wheels on Uncle Sam’s bicycle represent?Why are the European powers shouting at Uncle Sam?
15 Exit Ticket“How did European powers come to dominate much of the world in the late 1800s?”Predict what will happen in regions under imperial control:AfricaLatin AmericaChinaIndiaJapan