5 What is standards-based education? Standards-Based Education (SBE)Basing curricula, teaching and assessment of student learning on rigorous world class standardsBased on belief that all students are capable of meeting high standards
6 What is standards-based education? Common Core State StandardsInitiative (CCSSI)VoluntaryNot a Federal initiativeAligned with college and work expectationsClear, understandable, and consistentRigorous content and application through higher-order skillsInformed by other top-performing countriesEvidenced and research-based
7 What is standards-based education? Content StandardsContent or knowledge and skills students should acquire in various academic disciplinesBenchmarks (Indicators)Specific statements of what students should be able to do at specific grade levels or development stages
8 What is standards-based education? Performance standardUsed to assess the degree to which students have attained standards,reflect level of proficiencyPerformance expectationsLevel of achievement, quality performance or level of proficiency developed by professional associations
9 What is standards-based education? Aligning Curricula and Textbooks With Standards and CurriculumCurriculum AlignmentAligning curricula and textbooks with national and state standardsHorizontal – Specified grade level alignment of all subjectsVertical – Specified subject alignment of all gradesCurriculum FrameworkDocument by state education agency with recommended guidelines, instructional and assessment strategies
10 What controversies surround the effort to raise standards? Arguments in Support of Raising StandardsAchievement improved by defining what is to be taughtNecessary for equality of opportunityValuable coordinating functionSupplies accurate information to parents and studentsServe an important signaling device to students, parents, teachers, employers and colleges
11 What controversies surround the effort to raise standards? Concerns About Raising StandardsNational Curriculum will create an expanded role of government in educationConservative groups wish to undo the educational gains of underrepresented groupsEmphasis on testing results in decrease in emphasis on subjects not testedStandards are vague and not linked to valid assessmentsStandards describe activitiesScope and sequence unclearBenchmarks are unrealistic and students rushedInstruction no longer addressing student needs
12 What controversies surround the effort to raise standards? Questions to help decide if Standards-Based Education (SBE) should be used:Where will we get our standards?Who will set standards?Why types of standards to include?What format to write standards in?What will be the levels of benchmarks?How to assess?How to report student progress?How to hold students accountable?
13 What controversies surround the effort to raise standards? Standards, Testing and AccountabilityTeachers and Schools may be ranked by test scores for accountabilityScores may determine whether students graduateFunds may be provided for schools scoring high or denied to those scoring low on tests
15 What methods can you use to assess student learning? Assessmentprocess of observing student behavior and drawing inferences about student knowledge and abilitiesQuantitative Assessmentnumerical scores to evaluate learningWork Habitsdisposition necessary for effective thinking, learning, reflecting, independence, managing time, persistence, accuracy and working collaborativelyQualitative AssessmentSubjective assessment of student behavior
16 What methods can you use to assess student learning? Challenges of Assessing Student LearningWhat students learn may be indeterminate and beyond measurementPurpose of Classroom AssessmentDetermine if material learnedIdentify feedback to enhance learningDevelop strategies to improving teaching effectivenessDetermine if students have reached expected levels
17 What methods can you use to assess student learning? Purposes of Classroom AssessmentMeasurement – gathering quantitative data related to knowledge and skill acquiredEvaluation – making judgments or assigning value to measurementsFormative Evaluation – measuring student skills to make decisions about teachingSummative Evaluation – determining grades at end of semester or year
19 What methods can you use to assess student learning? Standardized AssessmentsInternational AssessmentsInternational Assessment of Educational Progress (IAEP)Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS)Progress in International Reading Literacy Study (PIRLS)Program for International Student Assessment (PISA)
20 What methods can you use to assess student learning? Norm Referenced AssessmentsStudents scores are compared to score of others who are similarNorm Group – comparison group of studentsAllow teachers to rank students by achievement
21 What methods can you use to assess student learning? Criterion Referenced AssessmentsStudents’ learning is compared with clearly defined criteria or standardsDoes not indicate “average”Indicate what students know and can do in a specific area
23 What methods can you use to assess student learning? Emerging Trends in Classroom AssessmentAlternative Assessmentform of assessment that requires construction of meaning instead of memory of factsAuthentic Assessment – Student must use higher level thinking skills to perform, create or solve problemsPortfolio Assessment – Student’s collection of work showing growth
24 What methods can you use to assess student learning? Alternative AssessmentPeer Assessment – Students assess one another’s work informallySelf Assessment – Students assess their own workPerformance Based Assessment – Student ability to apply knowledge, skills and work is observed and judgedAlternate Assessment – Student with disability is observed to enhance future performance, part of IDEA 97Project Based Learning – Student teams explore real world problems and present what learned.
26 How can you develop high-quality classroom assessments? Skills needed to assess student learningChoose appropriate assessment methods for attaining objectivesAdminister, Score and Interpret ResultsUse results for future planningDevelop valid grading proceduresCommunicate resultsRecognize inappropriate assessments and result uses
27 How can you develop high-quality classroom assessments? ValidityDoes the test measure what it should?ReliabilityAre the results consistent over time, different times and conditions?
29 How can you develop high-quality classroom assessments? Scoring RubricsRating scales of pre-established performance criteria (scoring guides)Holistic Rubric – Used to score whole product or processAnalytical Rubric – Used to score separate parts of the product or process
30 How can you develop high-quality classroom assessments? Multiple Measures of Student LearningMultiple methods of assessment will allow students to develop positive views of themselves and subject if more opportunities for success