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World Energy Outlook Strategic Challenges Hideshi Emoto Senior Energy Analyst International Energy Agency.

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Presentation on theme: "World Energy Outlook Strategic Challenges Hideshi Emoto Senior Energy Analyst International Energy Agency."— Presentation transcript:

1 World Energy Outlook Strategic Challenges Hideshi Emoto Senior Energy Analyst International Energy Agency

2 Energy Trends & Strategic Challenges Reference Scenario

3 World Primary Energy Demand
Fossil fuels account for more than 80% of the growth in energy demand between now and 2030

4 World Nuclear Capacity Additions
Under current policies, projected capacity additions will be a third of the additions over the past thirty years 50 100 150 200 250 1950- 1970 1971- 1980 1981- 1990 1991- 2000 2001- 2010 2011- 2020 2021- 2030 GW Projected Historical

5 Challenge 1: Security of Supply

6 World Oil Production Shifts Away from OECD
Global oil production climbs from 82 mb/d in 2004 to 115 mb/d in 2030; OECD share falls from 25% to 12%

7 MENA Crude Oil & NGL Production by Country
MENA’s share of world oil production rises from 35% in 2004 to 44% in 2030 in the RS, with Saudi production rising to over 18 mb/d

8 MENA Net Oil Exports MENA plays an increasingly important role in international trade, its net exports surging from 22 mb/d in 2004 to 39 mb/d in 2030

9 Saudi Arabia’s Oil Production by Source in the Reference Scenario
Based on its reserves and global demand trends, Saudi oil production is projected to reach 18 mb/d in 2030

10 Iran’s Oil Balance in the Reference Scenario
Iran oil production reaches 6.8 mb/d in 2030, but exports increase less rapidly due to strong growth in domestic demand

11 Oil Production Outlook in Iraq in the Reference Scenario
Oil production in Iraq is expected to reach around 3 mb/d in 2010 and 8 mb/d in 2030, provided that stability and security are restored

12 Net Oil Imports by OECD Regions
OECD North America OECD Europe OECD Pacific 3 6 9 12 15 18 2004 2030 mb/d MENA non MENA OECD Europe will rely more on MENA oil – imports from MENA reach 8.5 mb/d, or nearly two-thirds of total imports in 2030

13 Proven Natural Gas Reserves
Gas reserves, concentrated in the Middle East & the transition economies, are equal to 66 years of current production

14 MENA Natural Gas Exports
Billion cubic metres MENA becomes the world’s leading gas exporter, with most of the increase in exports meeting surging European & US LNG demand

15 EU Gas Supply Balance 800 600 bcm 400 200 1980 1990 2004 2010 2020 2030 Production Net imports Rising demand – mainly for power generation – and declining output will cause net imports to surge

16 Challenge 2: Carbon Dioxide Emissions

17 World Energy-Related CO2 Emissions
Global emissions grow 50% between now and 2030, and developing countries’ emissions will overtake OECD’s in the 2020s

18 CO2 Increase, 2004-2030 1 000 2 000 3 000 4 000 China OECD
1 000 2 000 3 000 4 000 China OECD million tonnes 3 6 9 12 15 tonnes per capita 2004 2030 Pacific Europe North America OECD CO2 additions equal to only three quarters of Chinese CO2 rise, but OECD emissions per capita still two times higher in 2030

19 World Alternative Policy Scenario

20 Key Policies in Alternative Scenario for European Union
Power generation Renewable energy directive Combined Heat and Power directive Extension of reactor useful lifetime Transport sector Prolongation and tightening of Voluntary Agreement with car manufacturers Biofuels target Residential and commercial sectors Energy performance in buildings directive Energy labelling

21 Reduction in Oil Demand in the Alternative vs. Reference Scenario, 2030
Oil savings = 12.1 mb/d Oil savings in 2030 would be equivalent to the combined current production of Saudi Arabia and the UAE


23 Global Energy-Related CO2 Emissions in the Reference and Alternative Policy Scenarios
20 000 25 000 30 000 35 000 40 000 1990 2000 2010 2020 2030 million tonnes of CO 2 Coal Oil Gas Alternative Policy Scenario Reference Scenario In 2030, CO2 emissions are 16% lower than in the Reference Scenario, but are still more than 50% higher than 1990

24 Share of Nuclear Power in World Electricity Generation
0% 2% 4% 6% 8% 10% 12% 14% 16% 18% 1990 2003 2010 2020 2030 Reference Alternative Policies going beyond the Alternative Scenario will be needed to maintain or increase the share of nuclear power

25 Projected market trends raise serious concerns
Summary & Conclusions Projected market trends raise serious concerns Increased risk for energy security Rising environmental concerns More vigorous policies would curb rate of increase in energy demand and emission significantly Nuclear power can largely contribute toward meeting these challenges Urgent and decisive government action needed

26 World Alternative Policy Scenario
WEO 2006: Preliminary plan World Alternative Policy Scenario a “tool for change” Deepening and broadening the analysis Impact of high energy prices Impact of high oil, gas and electricity prices on energy demand and macro economy Focus on developing Asia Energy Investment Prospects Requirements vs. projects and plans Role for Nuclear Availability of uranium and costs Nuclear investments in competitive markets

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