2 I. Learning from the past Child care practices from the past are linked to the present.B. This matters because it affects how children are treated and educated.
3 Write 3 that surprised you. C. Children have be viewed as: 1. miniature adults 2. born in sin 3. blank slates 4. innocent 5. Economically valuable 6. Competent 7. Citizens with rightsWrite 3 that surprised you.
4 Children are born in sin. These views can have negative and positive consequences for children’s lives.Examples:Come up with your own example of a negative and/or a positive consequence for one of these.Children are miniature adults.Negative: elementary school girls wearing clothing that is too adult, too sexy, too soon.Children are born in sin.Negative:*Misbehavior was a sin to be punished harshly.*Today adults may believe that young children deliberately misbehave and should be punished
5 II. People who have influenced early childhood education A. John Locke: English philosopher in 1600’s. * Children not born with predetermined sinful nature. *Born a blank slate *slate filled by environmentDraw something to help you remember John Locke
6 Draw something to help you remember Rousseau B. Jean-jacques Rousseau French philospher during 1700’s* children born good rather than evil*have inherit abilities to build on*first to believe that children go through developmental stagesDraw something to help you remember Rousseau
7 Draw something to help you remember Comenius. C. John Comeniusminister during 1600’s*teaching should not be punitive*children should learn in own language not Latin*wrote first published children’s picture book
8 Draw something to help you remember Pestalozzi D. Johann Pestalozzi Swiss educator in ’s *teachers of children should study child development *Whole child point of view-their hand, heart, and head (all areas of development)
9 Draw something that helps you remember Froebel E. Friedrich Froebel ’s, father of kindergarten, major impact on education in US. *Children had learning stages * emphasized free play *Gifts- concrete materials for children to explore and manipulate
10 Draw something to help you remember Montessori F. Maria Montessori’s, Italian physician, worked with poor children in slums of Rome*Children develop naturally in organized environment*Do not need external rewards/encouragement*major contributions: developed learning materials, impacted organization of early childhood environments
11 Draw something to help you remember Dewey G. John Dewey’s, philosophy professor*focus on child centered curriculum*learning based on what teachers know about children*Choose right curriculum to further children’s education
12 III. Other Influences on Early Childhood Education A. The competent child:1. In the US, scientific study of children and how they learn began in the 1900’s.2. This lead to the concept of the competent child.3. Children were viewed as active players in their own development and learning.
13 Write one fact that is interesting to you The Nursery School Movement1. Colleges established lab schools to study child development2. Lead to field of early childhood education3. Nursery Schools became today’s preschools
14 3. Patty Hill, early pioneer in the field, believed in learning for 4-6 year olds and their parents 4. Caroline Pratt, early pioneer in the field, believed educational experiences for poor children could help transform society.
15 5. Lucy Sprague Mitchell- early pioneer, focused on scientific measurement of stages of development, founded Bank Street College
16 6. Progressive Education Movement: Effort to reform schooling for the first 3 grades and make it more democratic. DAP has it’s roots in this movement.
17 DAP is going to be your new favorite word DAP is going to be your new favorite word. We are going to talk about it a lot!!!!!7. Bank Street Approach- emphasized Developmentally Appropriate Practices and experiences with the environment and people as the best way for children to learn.
18 C. Kindergarten Movement in the United States Margarethe Schurtz founded first US kindergarten, it was German speakingElizabeth Peabody founded first English speaking kindergartenSusan Blow expanded the US kindergarten movement
19 Write 1 interesting fact The Child Care Movement1. Grew out of two things:*welfare efforts for poor families during the depression (WPA nurseries)*support for working parents(Lanham Act) during WWII.
20 E. Head Start 1. Started by President Johnson in the 1960’s as part of his war on poverty. 2. Promotes parent and child involvement 3. Has a Bank Street educational programCurriculum based on individual child’s developmentDAP
21 F. Other Cultures: not all cultures view early childhood education the same way. *The African Culture promotes childhood training as valuable for the child’s family and community not just for the child alone.