6 A filtration technique and a non-selective culture medium A filtration technique and a non-selective culture medium. A filter of 0.47 μm pore size will retain faecal commensals and allow Campylobacters to pass throughA selective culture medium that contains antimicrobials to inhibit the growth of faecal commensals.
8 Improved Preston blood free-medium: Containing cefoperazone and amphotericin B. This supplement is added to a Campylobacter blood-free agar base containing bacteriological charcoal, ferrous sulphate, sodium deoxycholate, sodium pyruvate, casein hydrolysate, nutrient broth and agar. Isolations are best on this medium when cultures are incubated at 37 ºC rather than 42–43 ºCC. jejuni produces grey, moist, flat-spreading colonies. Some strains may have a green hue or a dry appearance with or without a metallic sheen.
9 On Blood agar: C. jejuni and C On Blood agar: C. jejuni and C. coli produce nonhaemolytic spreading, droplet-like colonies
12 Hippurate hydrolysis: this test can be used to differentiate C. jejuni from C. coli.Hippurate is hydrolyzed by C. jejuni and not hydrolyzed byC. coli.
13 The end product of hydrolysis of hippuric acid by hippuricase include glycine and benzoic acid. Glycine is deaminated by the oxidizing agent ninhydrin.The end products of the ninhydrin oxidation reacts to form a purple-coloured product.
14 Helicobacter - Microscopic appearance - Cultural characteristics - Biochemical Tests of Helicobacter species.
16 - gastric and duodenal ulcers (eradication of H - gastric and duodenal ulcers (eradication of H. pylori results in cure and reduces ulcer recurrence in 90% ofpeptic ulcer patients).- H. pylori also contribute to diarrhoea, malnutrition and growth failure in young children (reduced gastric acid protection leads to infection with enteropathogens).- To isolate H. pylori by culture a gastric biopsy is required. Place a biopsy of mucosa from the gastric antrum in a bottle containing about 0.5 ml of sterile physiological saline.It should reach the laboratory with the minimum of delay.
19 Using a sterile scalpel and forceps, cut the biopsy into small pieces Using a sterile scalpel and forceps, cut the biopsy into small pieces. Inoculate a plate of chocolate (heated blood) agar or Campylobacter medium, andalso place a piece of biopsy in Christensens urea broth
20 H. pylori appears as a small, spiral or S-shaped Gram negative bacterium
21 On blood agar, H. pylori colonies are slightly beta-haemolytic On blood agar, H. pylori colonies are slightly beta-haemolytic. Growth is best at 37 ºC
22 Urease TestThe test organism is cultured in a medium which contains urea and the indicator phenol red.When the strain is urease producing, the enzyme will break down the urea (by hydrolysis) to give ammonia and carbon dioxide. With the release of ammonia, the medium becomes alkaline as shown by a changein colour of the indicator to pink-red.