Presentation on theme: "Traditional Economy The basic economic decisions are made according to long-established ways of behaving."— Presentation transcript:
1 Traditional EconomyThe basic economic decisions are made according to long-established ways of behaving.
2 CharacteristicsUsually used by people who own their own resources- tribal huntersBehaviors unlikely to change and passed from elders to youthsTradition/customs answers the 3 major economic questions-What and how much to produce (game and enough to feed tribe)How to produce (tools and methods)Who gets the product (divided evenly, based on role in the hunt, role in the tribe)Freedom to make day to day decisions (hunt or gather)
3 Where can you find it?Very few exist: Parts of central and South America, Africa, and Asia
4 Command EconomyThe government or central authority owns/controls factors of production makes all basic economic decisions
5 Characteristics Little individual freedom Government usually in charge of transportation, communication, banking, and manufacturing (including job opportunities and wages)Central planning group makes decisions of how, what, and how much is produced.Government decides what is produced and what is purchasedWho gets goods and services varies: only the rich or evenly dividedLittle individual freedom
6 Where can you find it?Economic system principles have existed for thousands of years (Ancient Egypt to Soviet Union)
7 Market Economy (Free Market) System in which private individuals make their own choices about production, distribution, and consumption.
8 CharacteristicsAll economic decisions made through bargaining (Free enterprise, buyers and sellers)Competition , profit, and investment are vital to successPeople who make more desirable products or earn higher wages---can buy more goods and servicesNo one person or group runs the market economyIndividuals free to make decisions (Capitalism):- How to use land, labor, and capital- Choose own job/profession- Choose to start own business- Choose who will get what is produced
10 The US economy is based on the Free Markets Where can you find it?The US economy is based on the Free Markets
11 A type of economy that combines elements of the 3 main types Mixed EconomyA type of economy that combines elements of the 3 main types
12 Characteristics Most common form of economic system today China: 1980’s- still command economy1990’s started adding Free Enterprise PrinciplesToday, China is still Communist but has some Free Enterprise Principles
13 CharacteristicsThe U.S. is considered Free Market- but has elements of a Command EconomyGovernment Command of specific services:MailEducationNational DefenseHighways and Airports