Presentation on theme: "Ch. 8 Heritage of South Asia and Ch. 9 South Asia in Transition"— Presentation transcript:
1 Ch. 8 Heritage of South Asia and Ch. 9 South Asia in Transition India under British RuleAndSouth Asia in Transition
2 East India CompanyIt gained control of wealthy Indian state of Bengal. It appointed local rulers who favored the company. It set up a law code and court system. It took over land, and ruled some places through local princes.
3 Sepoy RebellionWere Indian troops serving in the British army. They had a rebellion when they found out the Brits used beef or pork fat to grease their rifles.
4 In 1858, the British took over India as a colony In 1858, the British took over India as a colony. In 1876, Queen Victoria became the Empress of India. The Brits ruled through appointed officials.
5 The British discouraged local Indian industries and limited British imports from India. Local industries were driven out of business and Indians became more dependent on British goods.
6 The Indian National Congress (1885) Some wanted to return to Hindi rule and culture, others wanted a blend of the best. When they won support of the lower classes, the rejected foreign rule and demanded independence.
7 Mohandas GandhiCame back from S. Africa in 1914 and united groups within the nationalist movement. He inspired the common people.
8 Gandhi’s PrinciplesSatyagraha (truth force)-nonviolent resistance to end injustice. He got nonviolence from Hindu tradition and respected the teaching of love for one’s enemies found in Christianity.
9 Campaign of Civil Disobedience- Gandhi traveled around India supporting non-violent strikes and protests. He called for a boycott of British goods.
10 In 1947, the Brits freed India, and provided for a division into two separate nations. Hindu-dominated India (led by Jawaharlal Nehru). and Muslim majority Pakistan (led by Jinnah)
11 Muslims and Hindus fought and more than 500K died in the fighting Muslims and Hindus fought and more than 500K died in the fighting. 15 million people took part in mass migration (Hindus to India and Muslims to Pakistan).