Presentation on theme: "7 th Grade Geography Mrs. Brueckman. Yangshao settled near Huang He River Archeologists have uncovered many villages in northern China About 3000 B.C.E."— Presentation transcript:
Yangshao settled near Huang He River Archeologists have uncovered many villages in northern China About 3000 B.C.E. another farming group, Lungshan people appeared and were very advanced Harvested silk Potter’s wheel Baked strong bricks Irrigation projects Bronze weapons Great engineering skills – Yu known as “Great Engineer” founded Xia Dynasty in about 2000 BCE. NO WRITTEN RECORDS
Bronze Containers Oracle Bones Jade Carvings Chinese Writing (pictographs) Calendar based on cycles of the moon Ancestor Worship Buried nobles in elaborate tombs Human Sacrifices Chopsticks invented Calligraphy
Longer than any other dynasty in Chinese history Mandate of Heaven Highly Organized Armies Horse-drawn Chariots Feudal Society Agricultural Expansion Confucius Age of Warring States
First man to control all of China – first emperor Emperor Qin was a legalist Developed a system of bureaucracy Spy System Building of the Great Wall of China Central Government Fireplaces Window Frames with colored glass Marble Staircases Burned Books, including Confucius texts
General Meng Tien, one of the emperor’s most trusted advisors, was in charge of building 1,500 miles of the Great Wall. He accomplished it in less than seven years. Meng Tien established 34 base camps along route of wall, with housing, supply lines, but no toilet facilities! Other dynasties have made the wall what it is today, but none accomplished as much as the Qin dynasty.
700,000 people worked on the emperor’s tomb for almost 40 years.
Silk Road Public Schools Seismograph Acupuncture Sundial Confucius Calligraphy Paper
Sui – known for Grand Canal linking northern and southern China T’ang – Golden Age! Great advances in art. Only woman to rule China, Empress Wu. Song – Between T’ang and Song, there was some disorder, but Song and T’ang were times of great achievements; Porcelain, woodblock printing, gunpowder, fireworks!
Confucius ◦ His teachings were collected by his followers and became principles for good government and personal behavior. ◦ Golden Rule: What you do not wish for yourself, do not do to others. ◦ “If we are not to live with our fellow men, with whom can we live?”
Taoism(Daoism) ◦ The followers of Lao- tzu believed people were guided by universal laws, not human ones. Tao means “the Way” Taoists tried to lead a simple life of meditation, close to nature Used magic as well as prayer Yin and Yang ◦ Chinese believed there was a balance in nature Idea that there were two forces in nature, yin and yang Yang was strong, active, bright and male Yin was weak, passive, dark and female Neither could exist without the other
Buddhism Came to China from India in first century A.D. Believed in everlasting life through self- discipline and meditation Buddhist counselors were employed for political advice and magical skills
Nomadic people who attacked the Chinese Leader – Genghis Khan Powerful army – bloody expeditions Khan’s grandson, Kublai Khan continued as ruler of Mongol Empire and Yuan Dynasty Spoke a different language, different customs Marco Polo was highly respected by Mongols
One of the most stable and prosperous times in Chinese history Improved ships and sailing skills The Forbidden City – symbol of China’s glory Restoration of Great Wall of China Isolationism – China’s glory faded