Presentation on theme: "Chapter 14 Psychological Disorders. Historical Perspectives of Psychological Disorders. Demon Possession Poor treatment of the mentally ill. Stigma Pyscho-dynamic."— Presentation transcript:
Historical Perspectives of Psychological Disorders. Demon Possession Poor treatment of the mentally ill. Stigma Pyscho-dynamic origins..
Psychological Disorders Def. behavior must be judged as atypical, disturbing, maladaptive, and unjustifiable –Atypical & Disturbing -varies across cultures –Maladaptive-defined as a behavior that causes –Unjustifiable-is behavior rational
Theories of the Nature, Causes, and Treatment of Psychological Disorders Medieval Times-evil spirit Medical Perspective Medical Model
Current Theory Bio-psychosocial approach –Develop when a biological predisposition (diasthesis) is triggered by a stressful circumstance. –Biology, psychology and social risk factors all play a role in mental disorders.
Bio-Psycho-Social Perspective Biological-individuals genes, brain structure and chemistry. Socio-cultural-roles, expectations, and definitions of normality defined by the individuals culture. Psychological –stress, trauma, and mood related perceptions and memories
Classifying Psychological Disorders DSM IV-manual recognized by the APA as system for classifying disorders. Diagnostic Class
Problems with ”labeling” Psychological Disorders Rosenhan (1973) – Stanford Stigma Media Presentation