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Theories of Deviance
Cultural TransmissionSociologist: Edwin Sutherland
Cultural TransmissionDeviance is learned, mainly from other deviants
Cultural TransmissionThe more time one spends around deviant people, the more likely they are to become deviant
Cultural Transmission“differential association” -- the amount of time one spends around deviants
Structural Strain Sociologist: Robert K. Merton Emile Durkeim
Structural Strain Every society has culturally defined “legitimate” goals
Structural Strain Every society has culturally defined “legitimate” means of achieving goals
Structural Strain Society places a high value on the goals, but some people lack access to the means (thus the strain)
Structural Strain Responses to this vary...
Structural Strain Means Goals
Control Theory Sociologist: Travis Hirschi Emile Durkheim
Control Theory Deviance is a natural occurrence
Control Theory Conformity is the result of social control
Control Theory The social bond: Attachment Commitment Involvement
Control Theory Summary -- people with strong social bonds will be less likely to commit deviance, and vice versa
Conflict Theory Karl Marx
Conflict Theory Competition and social inequality lead to deviance
Conflict Theory The “Haves” commit deviance to maintain their power and to alleviate boredom
Conflict Theory The “Have-nots” commit deviance to obtain power and due to low self-esteem
Labeling Theory Sociologists: Edwin Lemert & Howard Becker
Labeling Theory Differentiation appearance culturalbeing caught and labeled “deviant”
Labeling Theory Primary deviance: minor deviance that everyone commits that does not result in being labeled
Labeling Theory Secondary deviance: deviance that results in being caught and labeled “deviant”
Labeling Theory “Career Deviance” -- “deviant” or some deviant label becomes one’s master status
Labeling Theory Summary: Everyone commits some acts of deviance
Labeling Theory Summary:Once one is caught and labeled, their life changes, other opportunities are lost
Chapter 8. Talking to oneself in public Drag racing on a public street Using illegal drugs A man wearing women’s clothing Attacking another.
Functionalists Durkheim Crime is a way of venting youth frustration, and maintaining boundaries. Criticism- Society didn’t create crime it just happened.
Why do people commit deviant acts?
Sociology 105 Chapter 6 Crime and Deviance. Deviance u This is behavior that departs from social norms; –a.Nudist Colony –b.Obesity –c.Body Piercing u.
Deviance and Social Control Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. This multimedia product and its contents are protected under.
Chapter 6: Deviance & Crime
DEVIANCE AND CRIME.
Social Psychology: Sociological Perspectives David E. Rohall Melissa A. Milkie Jeffrey W. Lucas This multimedia product and its contents are protected.
Conformity and Deviance What is deviance? Theories of deviance.
Chapter 8:DEVIANCE & SOCIAL CONTROL
What is deviance and how is it explained?
“Theories of Deviance”
Most people will accept the norms or rules of the society. But not all the rewards or punishments of the society can bring total social control. Every.
Chapter 7 Deviance is more than a matter of individual choice or personal failing. How a society defines deviance depends on how that society is.
The Nature of Deviance Deviance is behavior that departs from societal or group norms. Deviance is a matter of social definition–it can vary from group.
Labeling, Conflict, and Radical Theories
DEVIANCE Deviance is a recognized violation of cultural norms
Deviance and Social Control Essential Questions
DEVIANCE. What is it??? The recognized violation of cultural norms. Behavior Beliefs Conditions.
Theories of Deviance.
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