Presentation on theme: "The Line Officer Function CJUS 104 Part 1: The Nature of Police Work."— Presentation transcript:
The Line Officer Function CJUS 104 Part 1: The Nature of Police Work
I. The Police: who are they? A.Police in the United States 1. Refers to any branch of government with: (a) Preservation of public order / tranquility (b) Promotion of: health / safety / morals (c) Prevention / detection / resolution 2.Wear many titles - police officer / peace officer / deputy sheriff / state trooper / federal agent - park ranger / game agent / liquor control / gambling enforcement / drug control officer / public lands officer / etc.
B. Conferred by state of employment - state delegates power - state delegates power - power of the 10 th Amendment - power of the 10 th Amendment “The powers not delegated to the Unites States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the states, are reserved to the states respectively, or to the people.” 1.Enables states / local governments - establish a department of police 2.Adopt laws / regulations as needed - prevent crime 3.Power conferred on sheriff / police chief
- delegates this power - work under administrators authority C. Police responsibilities - unique environment / constantly changing 1.Based on: social / legal / economic / political / intellectual forces - combination to create unique environment - substantial influence on police behavior a. Affects all to some degree - determines where / when to enforce - determines where / when to enforce - which laws to enforce / to ignore - which laws to enforce / to ignore - Question? - Question?
2. Distinguished from other social institutions 2. Distinguished from other social institutions - distinct government entity - actions controlled forces in environment - forces external to police organization D. Primary shapers of police -society / government -society / government 1. Interdependence of the two 1. Interdependence of the two - terms often interchangeable - society cannot exist = formal government - society cannot exist = formal government - government cannot exist = social structure 2. Where do police fit in? - operate within a government sturcture
- which branch of government? - developed to protect / to serve a. Government’s enforcement arm - insure compliance with - insure compliance with - making / carrying out public policy - making / carrying out public policy b. Political process - determine what behavior not acceptable - determine what behavior not acceptable - unacceptable: prevented / deterred - unacceptable: prevented / deterred - responsibility of police - responsibility of police c. Closely resemble society / government - totalitarian country = police are brutal - totalitarian country = police are brutal - democracy = enforce accepted laws - democracy = enforce accepted laws
E. Police and the law - distributed thru several government levels 1. Federal / state / local agencies - various types of police organizations - each agency = unique laws to enforce - unique set of responsibilities 2. Agencies are decentralized (40,000) - centralized agencies more effective - decentralized more responsive and accountable to the people served accountable to the people served - governments: do not want to lose power of enforcement-Question? of enforcement-Question?
F. Police enforce the law - binding rules / regulate conduct / provide sanctions sanctions 1. The law serves to: a. Legitimize social structure - question? a. Legitimize social structure - question? b. Regulate social conduct - question? b. Regulate social conduct - question? c. Regulate freedom - question? c. Regulate freedom - question? d. Resolve disputes - question? d. Resolve disputes - question? 2. Laws govern police (control) - also reason for their existence - also reason for their existence a. Two types of laws that affect a. Two types of laws that affect - substantive / procedural - substantive / procedural
a. Substantive – criminal statutes to control b. Procedural – proscribe how police apply - deadly force / arrest / breath test - deadly force / arrest / breath test G. Police power - sovereign right of any government - sovereign right of any government - promote order / safety / health / morals / - promote order / safety / health / morals / general welfare within constitutional limits 1. Misuse of police power 1. Misuse of police power - violation of constitutional rights - go beyond scope of your power - can be a criminal action filed - can be a civil action filed
H. Roles and functions of police - perform wide range of tasks / activities - perform wide range of tasks / activities 1. Law enforcement functions 1. Law enforcement functions - investigate criminal activity - arrest perpetrators of crime - serve warrants - interrogate suspects / interview witnesses 2.Order maintenance functions 2.Order maintenance functions - clear areas of unwanted people - intervene in noisy gatherings / parties - breakup fights - investigate suspicious persons / situations
3. Miscellaneous services 3. Miscellaneous services - assist people (lost / stranded) - provide information (death notices) - traffic enforcement – citations / accidents - provide emergency services (injuries) I. Overview of criminal justice - private sector usually initiates response 1. Responsible for crime prevention - active participation in reporting process - active participation in reporting process 2. Includes commitment to stop criminal acts - not engaging in criminal acts - not engaging in criminal acts - not condoning crime when committed - not condoning crime when committed
3. Participate through policymaking 3. Participate through policymaking - public decides how police operate - what resources are available - help establish goals / objectives 4.Apprehend / try / punish offenders 4.Apprehend / try / punish offenders - loose confederation of agencies a. No single justice system in this country - similar / but uniquely individual - similar / but uniquely individual b. Cases can / are handled differently - police procedures / state laws different - police procedures / state laws different - administrative practices / police training - administrative practices / police training - common area: guaranteed due process - common area: guaranteed due process
J. Ethical policing - ethics / values / principles / morals / integrity - “buzz words” within our contemporary culture 1. Become almost meaningless today - thrown about by politicians / talk-shows / even society as a whole even society as a whole - may lost meaning but not their importance - still strive to hold society to moral standard a. Ethical standards in differing professions - US Senate = “ethics committee” - US Senate = “ethics committee” - ABA = cannons of judicial ethics and - ABA = cannons of judicial ethics and Code of Professional Responsibility Code of Professional Responsibility
- doctors swear to “Hippocratic Oath” - young men of the world: “Boy Scout Oath” b. Every profession / trade / corporation / organization has a specialized moral code organization has a specialized moral code - defines ethical behavior required of it’s - defines ethical behavior required of it’s members members 2. Even with solemn / public oaths 2. Even with solemn / public oaths - news is full of ethical violations a. Compromised senators and legislators / disgraced ministers-priests / disbarred disgraced ministers-priests / disbarred lawyers / doctors stripped of their license lawyers / doctors stripped of their license b. sixty Minutes = focuses on the unethical
c. We see it constantly - few understand the concept of ethics - few understand the concept of ethics - and application to our own lives - and application to our own lives 3.Law enforcement – expected to maintain 3.Law enforcement – expected to maintain some of the highest ethical standards some of the highest ethical standards - highly visible members of the community - constantly being watched - rarely forgiving for ethical shortcomings / breath of public trust breath of public trust 4. Law enforcement also has a code of ethics 4. Law enforcement also has a code of ethics - solemn oath adopted by International Association of Chiefs of Police Association of Chiefs of Police
a. Academies require cadets to memorize - codes adopted by states / require each - codes adopted by states / require each officer to swear to officer to swear to b. Media full of stories of corrupt/discredited police officers police officers - excessive force - excessive force - corruption / theft / burglary / murder - corruption / theft / burglary / murder c. Code of ethics means very little - swearing a code does not mean you - swearing a code does not mean you understand it understand it - understanding does not mean you - understanding does not mean you uphold the ethics uphold the ethics
5. Ethical values / principles / and integrity 5. Ethical values / principles / and integrity - cornerstone of law enforcement - strong foundation to carry officers through - strong foundation to carry officers through their careers their careers
Ethical Policing CJUS 104 – definitions 1.Code – any system of rules or principles. The Law Enforcement Code of Ethics is a basic system of ethical rules for police officers. 2.Ethics – the principles of conduct dealing with what is right and wrong, and with moral duty and obligation. The rules in the Code of Ethics describe the moral duties and obligations of police officers.
3. Integrity – closely related to honesty, integrity is the firm and incorruptible adherence to a code of moral values. To truly follow the Law Enforcement Code of Ethics requires not only firmness but greater inner strength and character. 4. Morals – the judgments we make relating to societal principles of right and wrong behavior. The duties of a police officer under the Code of Ethics deal primarily with principles for rules about what is “right” and what is “wrong.”
5. Oath – a formal and solemn commitment, usually asking God and others to witness that you sincerely intend to do what you say, and promising that what you say is the absolute truth when a police officer swears to the Law Enforcement Code of Ethics, he promises that he intends to follow and obey these rules and asks God and others to witness and hold him accountable to that promise.
6. Principles – a rule or code of conduct. The Code of Ethics are the basic rule that every police officer must follow and a system of rules that must control your behavior both on-duty and off-duty. 7. Values – a principle or quality that is intrinsically desirable. These are the priorities that an individual gives to the elements in his life and career based on his ethics, morality, and integrity.