Presentation on theme: "7-2 Quiz Grab your clicker. 1.In Chinese society, _________ was the lowest class. 2.Building block of Chinese life 3.Children must respect their parents."— Presentation transcript:
1.In Chinese society, _________ was the lowest class. 2.Building block of Chinese life 3.Children must respect their parents 4.Developed Doaism 5.States society needs a system of harsh laws and strict punishments A.Filial piety B.Hanfeizi C.Laozi D.Confucius E.Family F.Golden Rule G.Merchants H.Farmers I.Legalism J.Aristocrats 7-2 Quiz
You are learning about the three main social classes of ancient China You are learning what life was like during the Zhou dynasty
Chinese Society Fill in the blank with the correct social class Aristocrats Peasant farmers Merchants Why was the wealthy merchant class on BOTTOM??
LIFE IN ANCIENT CHINA Social classes- ppl who share a similar position in society 3 main social classes- rich land owners, poor farmers, merchants
Life of an aristocratic Large houses Beautiful gardens Fine furniture Relied on farmers to grow crops
Life of a farmer 9/10 Chinese were farmers Lived in simple homes Farmers grew wheat, millet, and rice on aristocrat’s farmers Farmers grew food for their family on a small plot of land One month a year they helped with gov’t building projects In war time farmers became soldiers
Life of merchants Shopkeepers, traders, and bankers Lived in towns and provide goods and services Very rich Looked down on by other classes
LIFE IN A CHINESE FAMILY Why big families – everybody worked so more members would help you become wealthy Filial piety- children respect their parents and elders Role of Men- women obeyed men (even their sons) Role of Women- raised children and took care of the house
CHINESE THINKERS Need for order and a peaceful society led to 3 major theories to create a peaceful society Confucianism- –Confucius – China’s first great thinker and teacher –Duty- was important above all else –“Golden Rule”- Do unto others … –Unpopular with aristocrats because Confucius felt ALL men with a talent to govern should be able to work in the government.
Daoism Laozi- “Old Master” founder Dao De Jing- written text Worldly desires- must give up these Nature- the force that guides all things Opposite of Confucianism because it called on people to give up their concerns about the world (working in gov’t) and seek inner peace.
Legalism Hanfeizi- scholar that founded Legalism Believed people are Naturally evil – must have rules and harsh punishment to control them Favored by aristocrats because it favored force and power