2 What is News?An account of an event, person, or issue that interests people.A presentation of current eventsAnything that enough people want to read that deals with current events is considered news
3 What is Journalism?The craft of conveying news, descriptive material, and opinion through a widening spectrum of mediaIt is argued that even social media can be considered a form of journalism
4 Role of JournalismThe original role of journalism was to act as a translator between the public and policy makers.The journalists job was to inform the public of what the policy makers were doing.It was also their job to act as a “watch dog” over the policy makers to make sure the public knows what they are doing
5 The Parts of a Newspaper Can you identify them?The Parts of a Newspaper
6 Newspaper Set UpThe most important stories are on the front page, the editors are trying to hook you in.Look through your news paper…Find the following things:How are the pages numbered? Letters & numbers… what?!Different sections… what are their names?What happens to long articles?
7 HeadlineThe words printed in large type across the top of an article to catch the reader’s attention.
11 Pull quoteA quote pulled out of the article to attract attention to the article… sometimes is the main idea/most important thing in the article
12 SidebarAdditional information or resources regarding a topic in the article
13 MastheadInformation about the publication, the editors, its owners, and its location
14 FolioGives the reader the page, publication date, and issue number. Usually located at the top or the bottom of every page
15 Feature ArticleA detailed article about a person, place, issue, or event.Often contains a picture to give the reader a visualIs longer than most articles and given the best placement (in the middle where the eyes are naturally drawn to)
16 Letter to the Editor vs. Editorial An opinion on a topic covered in previous newspapersEditorialsNewspaper articles are supposed to be factual and unbiased, the editorial is the place for the authors and editors to give their opinion on the things they are reporting about.
17 Letter to the Editor and/or Editorial Your turn…You now have 15 minutes to find the following things:Letter to the Editor and/or EditorialFeature ArticleFolioMastheadSidebarPull QuoteCaptionDatelineBylineHeadline
19 #1 ProximityProximity: Location. Location. Location. If the event is happening close by, it will have a greater impact on your readers. Why does proximity affect the news?
20 #2 TimelinessTimeliness: If something is happening NOW, it has more impact on the reader. The most recent development in a story can be used as a feature. Why does timeliness matter to a journalist?
21 #3 ProminenceProminence: If the people in the story are well known, the story will have more impact on the reader. Most people are not as impacted if the story involves people they do not know. Why does prominence matter?
22 #4 ConflictConflict: Readers are interested in rivalries, arguments, fights, and disagreements. Why are readers interested in conflict?
23 #5 NoveltyNovelty: If something is unusual, original, or unique, readers want to know what it is and why it happened. What would be an example of a novelty topic?
24 #6 Human InterestHuman Interest: If the story evokes (inspires) emotion in the reader such as anger, sadness, or happiness, the reader will have a greater connection with the story and the story will have a greater impact. **awe**
25 Your Turn…In the next 15 minutes try to find articles that follow each of the following criteria and give me a reason why you think that article applies:Human InterestConflictProminenceTimelinessProximity
26 How to Write Like a Journalist Basic News ReportingHow to Write Like a Journalist
27 Basic News ReportingMost news stories are written in a very concise way in order to pack as much information into every line on the page.In journalism, space is of a premium so your writing must lend itself to this medium or form.The simplest and most common structure of this kind of writing is called the Inverted Pyramid.
28 Inverted PyramidTo understand what the "inverted pyramid" name means, picture an upside-down triangle -- one with the narrow tip pointing downward and the broad base pointing upward.The broad base represents the most newsworthy information in the news story, and the narrow tip represents the least newsworthy information in the news story.Most News worthyLeast News Worthy
29 Inverted Pyramid Cont.When you write a story in inverted pyramid format, you put the most newsworthy information at the beginning of the story and the least newsworthy information at the end.Why does this format lend itself well to journalism, especially news reporting?
30 Why does the Inverted Pyramid lend itself well to journalism? It gets the point of the story to the reader in the fastest way possible.It provides the facts without all of the “fluff” of normal writing.It lends itself to quick editing of story length.Even if you cut off the last few sentences of a story in this format to fit in a column on a page, the story is still complete. It only lacks some of the specifics.
31 Listen to this video carefully… See if you can jot down the following important information that can be found in every news article:Important information found in news articles:Who:What:When:Where:Why:How:
32 Your turn…Using the notes you just took, try and write a breaking news article regarding the CNN news story.