Presentation on theme: "Struggle for Democracy in South Asia"— Presentation transcript:
1 Struggle for Democracy in South Asia What caused the ongoing conflict in South Asia?
2 Struggles after Independence in British India 1947: British grant independence but country is partitioned due to issues between Hindus & MuslimsTwo countries form 1) India (Hindu) & 2) Pakistan (Muslim), country of Pakistan will have two states: East & West PakistanSummer of ’47: millions scramble to relocate – 1 million die during riotsKashmirWest PakistanGandhi pleas with Hindus to stop violence – he is assassinatedIndia1949: India & Pakistan fight over Kashmir Region (Hindu ruler but Muslim Majority)East PakistanUN cease-fire in /3 to Pakistan and 2/3 to India
3 Gandhi film clips: India/Pakistan split What are M. Ali Jinnah’s fears in an independent India? What does Jinnah propose?How do Hindus react to Jinnah’s proposal? What does Gandhi tell the protestors?What does Gandhi propose to Jinnah? What do Nehru & Jinnah say about this idea?What happens as Hindus and Muslims leave for India & Pakistan?What is happening in Calcutta? How do Hindus react to Gandhi’s visit?
4 Cold War in South AsiaIndia’s leader Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru joins non-aligned movementPakistan’s leader M. Ali Jinnah aligns with US1971: Getting few resources, E. Pakistan declares independence naming itself BangladeshCivil War erupts, new Indian leader Indira Gandhi backs Bangladesh, US backs Pakistan. Bangladesh wins independenceSoviets form a friendship alliance with IndiaSikh nationalists wanting their own country (Punjab) assassinate Indira GandhiPakistan after the Civil WarAli Bhutto takes control after war, brings stability but is overthrown by Gen. ZiaZia dies in a mysterious plane crash, Benazir Bhutto (Ali’s daughter) becomes PM of Pakistan