2 Aim & Do Now: 02/05Aim: What are the causes of the Russian Revolution?Do Now: List 3 historical facts that you know about Russia.
3 Homework: Due 02/07Thematic Essay on Human Rights, Final Draft due Friday 02/07Russian Revolution/End of W.W. I handout due 02/10Animal Farm activity online at whsad.org/author/lesinski – due 02/14Mandatory for AP students.Optional for All other classes.
4 Historical Circumstances Nicholas II, Czar or kingConstitutional MonarchWeak leader; lack of control in the Kremlin (Russian government)Brought economic hardships to RussiaRussia’s involvement in World War IShortages of foodPoor training of soldiersLack of weapons
5 Rasputin Peasant born mystic Trusted advisor to the king and queen Symbol of the lack of leadership in the kingImpossible to kill
6 Causes of the Revolution(s) Causes of February RevolutionBread riots during the warWorld War IDuma (lawmakers) and military turned against the kingSoviets (regional councils) were formedCauses of Bolshevik RevolutionLenin and the Bolsheviks (Russian Communists)Gained support of peasants and working classPromised “Peace, Land and Bread”Leon Trotsky and Josef Stalin
7 Guided Practice Read short excerpt on Rasputin on page 772 How might events in Russia been different if Rasputin did not gain so much influence?Why did other government officials dislike Rasputin's relationship with Nicholas' wife?How is Rasputin's influence an example of poor leadership?Create one Analysis question about Rasputin
8 Independent PracticeRead Turning Point: Russian Revolution on page 775Answer the following questions in complete sentencesWhy did the Bolsheviks choose Winter Palace as the place to attack?Why is the Russian Revolution considered a turning point in history?Why would the governments of Western Europe resist Lenin's offers of Peace?Create 3 questions (Comprehension, Application and Analysis) based on the Russian Revolution
9 Aim & Do Now: 02/06Aim: How did Russia transition from an Absolute Monarchy to Communism?Do Now: What mistakes did Nicholas II make while he was czar of Russia?
10 Homework: Due 02/07Thematic Essay on Human Rights, Final Draft due Friday 02/07Russian Revolution/End of W.W. I handout due 02/10Animal Farm activity online at whsad.org/author/lesinski – due 02/14Mandatory for AP students.Optional for All other classes.
11 Vladimir Lenin Bolshevik/Communist leader Took power of Russia Believe in self-determination for all nations and that Communism would spread across the worldTreaty of Brest-Litovsk (1918) – gave up parts of Poland, Finland, Ukraine, and other provinces
12 Leon Trotsky Commissar/Leader of the Red Army Organizational genius Fought against the Anti- Communists in the Civil War ( )War Communism – all aspects of society were geared toward the warRed Terror – all anti- communists must be killed
13 Animal Farm and The Russian Revolution Animal Farm was written by George Orwell. It is an allegory for the Russian Revolution. It is about animals that live on a farm and revolt against their owner, only to see the stronger, smarter animals take power after promising equality and freedom.
14 Independent PracticeComplete the handout comparing Animal Farm to the Russian Revolution.
15 Aim & Do Now: 02/07Aim: How did Totalitarianism impact the formation of the Soviet Union?Do Now: Why did Germany send Lenin back to Russia during World War I?
16 Homework: Due 02/07Thematic Essay on Human Rights, Final Draft due Friday 02/07Russian Revolution/End of W.W. I handout due 02/10Animal Farm activity online at whsad.org/author/lesinski – due 02/14Mandatory for AP students.Optional for All other classes.
17 Economic Policies of Totalitarian Rulers Totalitarianism - a political system in which the state holds total authority over the society.LeninNEP (New Economic Plan) – blend elements of capitalism with communism into the economyStalinCollectivization – private farms eliminated; government owns all the landFive Year Plans – economic goals to transform Russia from an agricultural society to an industrial society