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Georgia State Judicial Branch

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1 Georgia State Judicial Branch
SS8CG4: The student will analyze the role of the judicial branch in Georgia state government.

2 The First Five November 17, 2014
Agenda Message: Study for tomorrow’s Unit 5 Quiz (Vocabulary & class notes) Today’s Warm-up: HOTS; Practice Questions Who was the 1st explorer to enter present-day Georgia? Juan Ponce de Leon Christopher Columbus Hernando de Soto Vasco da Gama 2. What was the 1st permanent British colony in North America? Roanoke Island Jamestown Georgia Massachusetts Bay 3. Which term BEST describes the kind of people Oglethorpe and the other trustees wanted to bring to Georgia? Former convents Well educated Deeply religious Poor but worthy

3 Georgia’s Judicial Branch
Made up of state’s courts Purpose: interpret state constitution protect legal rights of citizens enforce laws of the state Due Process of Law: amendments in the Constitution that make sure everyone is protected from abuse by the government. Examples of Due Process include: Right to a fair and public trial Right to be present at the trial Right to an impartial jury Right to be heard in one's own defense

4 Georgia’s Judicial Branch
Supreme Court is state’s highest court. Supreme Court judges are called Justices. State justices are elected to six-year terms. The Chief Justice (leader) is chosen by the other justices. Appellate Court (Court of Appeals) reviews cases (no witnesses and no juries). It is the 2nd highest court in the state. Trial Courts hear criminal and civil cases examples: magistrate, juvenile, state, superior, probate, municipal

5 Laws are divided into two categories: Criminal & Civil Laws
Criminal Law: protects society from individuals Crime: a serious offense, where a prosecutor (lawyer for GA) will start legal action against the person who is accused of a crime The accused or defendant will be tried in criminal court.

6 Laws are divided into two categories: Criminal & Civil Laws
Civil Law: deals with the relationship between individuals (reality TV court shows) Tort: an injury or wrong done to a person. The person sues for money (called damages) in a civil court. Plaintiff: Person who sues Defendant: Person who is being sued

7 Ticket out the Door Question
What is the difference between criminal and civil law?

8 The First Five November 18, 2014
Agenda Message: Quiz on Friday over terms and information. Start studying tonight! Frayer Model Juvenile Justice Terms due Wednesday 11/19th

9 Georgia’s Judicial Branch
A felony is a serious crime. It is punishable by a prison sentence of more than 1 year (arson, kidnapping, robbery, rape, burglary, selling drugs, & car theft). A capital felony is punishable by death (murder). A misdemeanor has a less severe punishment of jail or fine (shoplifting, cruelty to animals, and assault & battery with minor injuries).

10 Misdemeanor Crimes in Georgia
Misdemeanors are punishable by: Fine of up to $1,000 Up to 12 months in county jail Both a fine & time in county jail Up to 12 months in a state diversion center For example, simple battery (hitting someone) is a misdemeanor under Georgia’s laws.

11 Felony Crimes in Georgia
These crimes are generally treated as felonies: Rape Murder Robbery Grand Theft: Commit a crime of any type and the value is over $400.00 Burglary Selling Drugs Kidnapping Assault & Battery: Harm another person Fraud: Intent to be deceitful These crimes are punishable by one year in prison to a life sentence

12 State Prisons Georgia has a total of almost 80 state prisons within it's state lines. They are located all over the state. This number includes both men's and women's prisons, but does not include jails or federal prisons in Georgia.

13 Juvenile Court System Every county has a juvenile court. Purposes:
help and protect children provide care for children removed from homes Delinquent Act: act that would be a crime if committed by an adult (example: burglary) Status Offense: act that would not be a crime if committed by an adult (example: smoking)

14 Juvenile Court System SS8CG6: The student will explain how the Georgia court system treats juvenile offenders.

15 Juvenile Court System Juvenile: citizen under the age of 17.
Common crimes are: 1. truancy(not going to school) 2. Drugs 3. drinking alcohol 4. loitering (hanging around a public place without permission) 5. violating curfews 6. running away from home

16 Tuesday’s HOT’S: Questions

17 The First Five November 20, 2014
Agenda Message: Quiz on Friday over terms and information. Start studying tonight! Frayer Model Juvenile Justice Terms due Wednesday 11/ Today’s Warm-up: Wednesday’s HOTS!

18 Steps in Juvenile Justice Process
Juvenile “taken into custody” (arrested) Intake: intake officer evaluates case Detain or release (to parents) Detained juveniles sent to YDC (youth detention center) 5. Probable cause hearing before a judge (Judge Peggy Walker for Douglas County) 6. Dismissal, informal adjustment, or formal hearing 7. Sentencing/ Consequences

19 Georgia’s Seven Deadly Sins Act
In 1994, the General Assembly made a law about violent youth crime. Juveniles could be treated as adults by the courts if charged with crimes such as: Murder Voluntary Manslaughter Rape Sodomy Child Molestation Sexual Battery Armed robbery with a firearm Superior courts handle these cases, not juvenile courts. Mandatory 10-year sentences were a part of the new law.

20 Rights of Juveniles Juveniles have the right to a fair and speedy trial. There are no juries in juvenile cases. Parents or guardians may be present at hearings. An attorney must be provided if child’s parents cannot afford one.

21 Thursday’s HOT’S: Questions

22 Ticket out the Door Question
In your own words, what is the Seven Deadly Sins Act that the General Assembly made law in 1994? QUIZ TOMORROW STUDY THE WEEKLY HOTS!!!!!

23 The First Five December 13, 2013
Agenda Message: Unit 5 CDA = Wednesday & Unit 6 CDA = Thursday Collect last night’s homework for a grade Today’s Warm-up: Respond to the following Juvenile Justice System questions (Think-Pair-Share): Allison is caught at her neighbor’s house during a party with an alcoholic drink in her hand. What type of behavior would this be classified as? What will happen to her? If Allison is caught again with an alcoholic drink what might happen to her?

24 The First Five December 12, 2013
Agenda Message: Complete Juvenile Justice System worksheet Today’s Warm-up: Delinquent juveniles are those who… commit traffic offenses. Neglected or abused by parents or guardians. Are under 17 years of age and who commit acts that would be crimes if they were committed by an adult. Are under 18 years of age and who commit acts that would not be considered crimes if they were committed by adults.

25 Ticket Out the Door By Georgia law, who is considered a juvenile?
What is the difference between a delinquent act and a status offense?

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