Presentation on theme: "Political Parties: Essential to the American Political System?"— Presentation transcript:
Political Parties: Essential to the American Political System?
Party Functions Organizing the competition Unifying the electorate Translating preferences into policy Providing loyal opposition Determines who legitimately holds office and political power
Party Functions - Continued Help organize government Simplify voting choices for the electorate Recruit members Nominate candidates
Evolution of American Party Systems: Critical Elections 1824: Andrew Jackson and the Democrats 1860: The Civil War and the rise of the Republicans 1896: Party realignment 1932: Franklin Roosevelt and the New Deal Alignment 1968: Divided government
Parties as Institutions National Leadership – National Party Conventions – National Party Committees – National Party Chair
Parties as Institutions Parties at Grass-Roots – Party organization at state level – State committee and chair – Local committee and chair
Parties in Government In in the legislative branch In the executive branch In the judicial branch State and local level
Parties in the Electorate Party registration Party activists
Important Minor Parties Anti-Mason Party American (Know-Nothing Party) Democratic (Secessionist) Constitutional Union People’s (Populist) Bull Moose Socialist
More Important Minor Parties Progressive States’ Rights (Dixiecrat) Progressive American Independent National Unity Reform Green
Parties and Nominations Caucus Conventions Direct Primaries – Open Primaries – Closed Primaries
Are political parties essential to the American political system?