Presentation on theme: "LISA HOLMES INSTRUCTIONAL DESIGN. The process of creating an effective learning experience that takes into consideration: what needs to be learned what."— Presentation transcript:
The process of creating an effective learning experience that takes into consideration: what needs to be learned what the student might need in order to learn how to facilitate that learning A system of teaching and learning INSTRUCTIONAL DESIGN
INSTRUCTIONAL DESIGN THEORY LEARNING THEORY INSTRUCTIONAL DESIGN MODEL Differences Learning Theory Describes how learning occurs in individuals Instructional Design Theory Describes specific events outside of the learner that facilitate learning An idea of what the instruction should be like Instructional Design Model A process or plan of instruction. Relationships Instructors need to understand Learning Theories in order to understand the usefulness of Instructional Design Theories. Instructional Design Models put into action the ideas of Instructional Design Theories.
THERE ARE MANY DIFFERENT INSTRUCTIONAL DESIGN MODELS FROM WHICH TO CHOOSE. MANY OF THESE MODELS HAVE COMMON FEATURES SUCH AS: Always beginning with an analysis of the learning needs Systematic design and development Ongoing evaluation and revision INSTRUCTIONAL DESIGN
ANALYSIS The analysis phase of the ADDIE model is used to determine the different aspects of the learning situation. Analysis answers questions such as: What are the learning objectives and what are the desired outcomes? What existing skills, knowledge and experience do the learner’s currently possess? What is the learning environment like and what limitations and advantages are present?
The design phase of the ADDIE model is meant to decide what the instruction should look like in order to meet the needs determined during the analysis phase. Instructors, or designers, will map out specific objectives, exercises, learning content, and assessments to be used and put them in a systematic order. In other words, a blueprint is created during this phase. DESIGN
The development phase of the ADDIE model is when the specific parts of the whole design, or blueprint, are created. Designers will create the content, media, assessment tools and exercises during this phase of the design process. DEVELOPMENT
The implementation phase of the ADDIE model is when the content and materials created during the development phase are tested. This allows the designers to determine if the content and material is appropriate and ensure that they are functional. During this phase instruction is also given to teachers regarding the details of the design and to teachers and students regarding any technology that will be used. IMPLEMENTATION
Evaluation is done throughout the design process in the ADDIE model and is used to determine if the design is effective for its intended purpose. Formative and summative assessment are used. Summative assessments test if the intended and expected knowledge or skill was learned. Formative assessment, employed throughout the design process, is used to determine if changes should be made to the design. EVALUATION
WHY USE INSTRUCTIONAL DESIGN We use Instructional Design for its: Efficiency Can save time and expense Effectiveness Designed to meet the needs of the student so that the likelihood of reaching the intended goal is increased Appeal Designed to be enjoyable and motivating to the student