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Lecture 5 Integumentary System.

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Presentation on theme: "Lecture 5 Integumentary System."— Presentation transcript:

1 Lecture 5 Integumentary System

2 Integumentary System Consists of: Functions Skin (Epidermis & Dermis)
Accessory structures Hair Nails Glands Functions Protection Sensation Temperature regulation Vitamin D production Excretion Fig. 5.1

3 Epidermis and Dermis Fig. 5.2

4 Epidermal Cells Cell types
Keratinocytes: Produce keratin for strength Melanocytes: Contribute to skin color (pigment melanin) Langerhans’ cells: Part of the immune system Merkel’s cells: Detect light touch and pressure Fig. 5.2 Keratinization: Cells die and produce outer layer that resists abrasion and forms permeability layer

5 Epidermal Strata Stratum Basale Stratum Spinosum Stratum Granulosum
Deepest portion of epidermis and single layer High mitotic activity Stratum Spinosum Limited cell division Stratum Granulosum In superficial layers nucleus and other organelles degenerate and cell dies Fig. 5.2

6 Epidermal Strata Stratum Lucidum Stratum Corneum Thin, clear zone
Most superficial and consists of cornified cells Squamous in shape, filled with keratin Fig. 5.2

7 Dermis Structural strength Two layers
Deeper layer - dense connective tissue; stretch marks (striae) Superficial layer underneath epidermis - loose connective tissue Fig. 5.6

8 Review Question The layer of keratinocyte cells of the epidermis with the highest rate of cell division is the Stratum spinosum Stratum basale Stratum corneum Stratum granulosum Stratum lucidum

9 Hypodermis Skin rests on this, but not a part Also called
Subcutaneous tissue Superficial fascia Consists of loose connective tissue Types of cells Fibroblasts Adipose (fat) cells Macrophages Subcutaneous fat Fig. 5.6

10 Accessory Skin Structures
Hair Found everywhere on human body except palms, soles, lips, nipples, parts of external genitalia, and distal segments of fingers and toes Nails Glands Sebaceous or oil glands Sudoriferous or sweat glands

11 Hair Structure Composed of shaft and root Arrector pili
Shaft protrudes above skin surface Root located below surface and base forms the hair bulb Hair follicle consists of layer of dermis and epidermis Arrector pili Smooth muscle Raises hair Fig. 5.9

12 Nails Anatomy Growth Nail root proximally
Nail body distally: Eponychium or cuticle Growth Grow continuously unlike hair Fig. 5.8

13 Oil and Sweat Glands Sebaceous glands Sudoriferous glands (sweat)
Produce sebum Oils hair and skin surface Sudoriferous glands (sweat) Most commonly found in palms, soles and forehead Also found in axillae (arm pit), genitalia, around anus Ceruminous glands (cerumen or ear wax) Mammary glands Fig. 5.10

14 Points to Remember Two components to integumentary system
Skin (epidermis & dermis) Accessory structures (hair, nails and glands) Keratinization (accumulation of keratin) produces upper layer of cells of epidermis, hair and nails Two types of glands in skin Sebaceous (oily) Sudiferous (watery)

15 Questions?

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