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The Industrial Revolution in Great Britain & America

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Presentation on theme: "The Industrial Revolution in Great Britain & America"— Presentation transcript:

1 The Industrial Revolution in Great Britain & America

2 1. Industrial Revolution
A change from using HUMAN & ANIMAL power to MACHINE power. 100 years

- -Agricultural Revolution -Population Explosion -Energy Revolution A P E

4 #2 Agricultural Revolution C H A N G E S I N F A R M I N G
Dikes Fertilizer New Crops Crop Rotation Enclosure Seed Drill (Jethro Tull) More Food = More Food = More People

5 #2 POPULATION INCREASE More people available to work in the factories and the more people that exist, the more DEMAND for goods More PEOPLE WANT More STUFF

6 #2 Energy Revolution -Machines made out of IRON ore. -COAL makes the machine run. -Coal is used to fuel the STEAM ENGINE…(James Watt)

1. GB had a lot of NATURAL RESOURCES available. (ports, rivers, coal, & iron) GB had a large population. * Factory Workers * Created a DEMAND FOR GOODS. 3. GB Capital / $$ to invest in business or new inventions. 4. GB had a stable government. No wars on their soil.

8 TOO SLOW……Could not keep
4. Putting Out System TEXTILES = FABRIC or CLOTH People took part in the process of creating TEXTILES in their own homes. TOO SLOW……Could not keep Up With DEMAND

9 5. Textile Inventions - Spinning Jenny Faster - Water Frame Faster
New inventions created to keep up with the DEMAND for goods FASTER Made textiles faster. - Spinning Jenny Faster - Water Frame Faster - Spinning Mule Faster - Cotton Gin Faster

10 6. Steam Engine This device powers MACHINES.
Improved upon by JAMES WATT. Made out of IRON & fueled with COAL ENGINE ENGINE ENGINE

11 Tenements = Multistory Apartments
7. Urbanization The rapid movement of PEOPLE to the CITIES. (Looking for JOBS) Tenements = Multistory Apartments

12 BARGAIN NEGOTIATE 8. Labor Union A group who fights for
worker’s rights. BARGAIN NEGOTIATE

13 9. Positive Aspects of the Industrial Revolution
New Jobs Education Modern Inventions Modern Buildings Middle Class More Goods Transportation Faster New Sources of Energy MIDDLE CLASS EMERGES

14 10. Negative Aspects of the Industrial Revolution
Working Conditions and Wages Child Labor Depletion of Natural Resources Pollution Lose Jobs to Machines Urbanization

15 11. Bessemer Process Henry Bessemer invented a way to make
STEEL from IRON Steel is stronger…..stronger…..stronger IRON = STEEL

16 12. New Inventions Louis Pasteur – came up with the GERM THEORY. Pasteurizing of milk (killed disease carrying microbes found in milk/Vaccine against rabies -Alfred Nobel/ - Invented dynamite for use in construction. -Thomas Edison – An American inventor who developed the electric light bulb.

17 13. New Methods of Production
Interchangeable Parts – Machine parts that are mass produced and identical as opposed to being hand-made “One of a kind.” Assembly Line- A manufacturing system in which a product is completed step-by-step by different workers. - Made production FASTER & CHEAPER

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