Presentation on theme: "What are STD’s or STI’s? Sexually Transmitted Disease Sexually Transmitted Infection Diseases that are transmitted through all types of sexual activity."— Presentation transcript:
What are STD’s or STI’s? Sexually Transmitted Disease Sexually Transmitted Infection Diseases that are transmitted through all types of sexual activity “The surest way to avoid transmission of STD’s is to abstain from sexual contact.” Centers for Disease Control & Prevention
HOW COMMON ARE STD’S? new cases every single year! Young people aged 15-24 account for nearly half of new STD’s each year. 1 in 4 sexually active teenager has an STD. Approximately
STD’s come from? Where did When a body receives too many unfamiliar germs, a disease can be created. Only major STD’s before the 1960’s. Now we have 25-30 major STD’s!
Symptoms NO SYMPTOMS at all Abnormal discharge Burning or itching Abdominal Pain Chlamydia Facts An estimated 2.8 million infections occur annually in the U.S. CHLAMYDIA The Fertility Thief
Symptoms NO SYMPTOMS at all Abnormal discharge Burning or itching GONORRHEA The Silent Carrier Gonorrhea Facts 300,000 cases reported annually in U.S., but an estimate of over 700,000 are infected each year. Becoming resistant to the only treatment option.
Symptoms May not have symptoms for years. Single or multiple sores – usually painless. Rash on hands & feet. SYPHILIS The Great Mimic Syphilis Facts Passed through direct contact with syphilis sore. Sore heals itself in 3-6 weeks, but if not treated can lead to 2 nd & 3 rd stage which can cause brain & organ damage.
2 Types of Herpes HSV-1 = common cold sore (NOT STD) HSV-2 = genital cold sore (STD) Symptoms Sometimes no symptoms Blister or sore on genital skin Flu-like symptoms Difficulty urinating GENITAL HERPES Recurrent Infection
Genital Herpes Facts Herpes can spread even if there is no visible sore or symptoms of the virus. Often times herpes cause psychological distress. A baby is at risk to a fatal infection if a pregnant women carries the herpes virus. GENITAL HERPES Recurrent Infection YOU CAN NEVER GET RID OF THE HERPES VIRUS!
There is no cure for HPV 40+ different types of HPV (some are STD’s some are not) Symptoms Sometimes no symptoms Mouth & throat infections Genital warts Genital cancer Cervical cancer HUMAN PAPILLOMAVIRUS (HPV) Most Common STD
HPV Facts Approximately 79 million Americans are infected with HPV. Approximately 14 million new infections each year. HUMAN PAPILLOMAVIRUS (HPV) Most Common STD More than 50% of sexually active people will get HPV at some point during their lives.
HUMAN PAPILLOMAVIRUS (HPV) Most Common STD HPV & Cervical Cancer Each year 10,300 women get cervical cancer. Each year 5,000 women die of cervical cancer. Regular screening tests (pap test) are important to catch early signs of the virus. There is no other clinical test for HPV.
HIV/AIDS Human Immunodeficiency Virus Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome The Fatal STD Symptoms Sometime no symptoms at all Flu-like symptoms What does HIV/AIDS do to a body? HIV destroys specific blood cells which are crucial to helping the body fight disease & sickness. AIDS is the late stage of HIV when a persons immune system is severely damaged.
HIV/AIDS Human Immunodeficiency Virus Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome The Fatal STD HIV Facts HIV can be transmitted through bodily fluids, unclean needles, blood and birth. It is not spread through air, insects or touch. A combination of medicines can prolong an infected persons life.
HIV/AIDS Human Immunodeficiency Virus Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome The Fatal STD HIV Facts It can take 3-6 months for the HIV antibodies to be detected in a persons body. During this time the virus can still be passed to others. In 2007 14,110 deaths among people living with HIV in the U.S. There is NO CURE for HIV
WILL GIVE YOU THE FREEDOM TO BE A HEALTHY TEENAGER WITHOUT THE WORRIES OF AN STD ABSTINENCE
Statistics and information acquired from Center for Disease Control & Prevention.