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MEASUREMENT

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**Metric Units of Length 1 kilometer (km) = 1,000 meters (m)**

1 meter (m) = 10 decimeters (dm) 1 meter (m) = 100 centimeters (cm) 1 meter (m) = 1,000 millimeters (mm)

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**1 centimeter (cm) = 10 millimeters (mm)**

1 decimeter (dm) = 10 centimeters (cm) 1 decimeter (dm) = 100 millimeters (mm)

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1 m

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2.54 centimeters = 1 inch 1 Meter is a little more than a yard. 1 meter is approximately 3 inches longer than 1 yard.

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**Centi Hundredths cm cg cl Milli Thousandths mm mg ml**

Kilo Thousands km kg kl Hecto Hundreds hm hg hl Deka Tens dkm dkg dkl Unit m g l Deci Tenths dm dg dl Centi Hundredths cm cg cl Milli Thousandths mm mg ml Meter Liter Gram

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Meter Length Liter Measures Liquid Gram Weight To Convert… DR - DOWN RIGHT UL - UP LEFT

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Kangaroos Km Hop hm Down dkm Mountains m During dm Cold cm Months mm

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**Metric Units of Capacity**

Capacity - the volume of a figure given as a liquid measurement (how much liquid an object holds) 1,000 milliliters (mL) = 1 liter (L) A milliliter is about 20 drops of water.

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**One liter is a little more than one quart.**

A half gallon of orange juice is almost 2 liters. half gallon of OJ liter soda

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Kangaroos Kl Hop hl Down dkl Ladders l During dl Cold cl Months ml

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**kilogram (kg) - a unit of mass equal to 1,000 g**

Metric Units of Mass mass - the amount of matter that something contains gram (g) - a unit of mass kilogram (kg) - a unit of mass equal to 1,000 g 1,000 milligrams = 1 gram

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**A milliliter of water weighs about 1 gram (g).**

The gram is used to measure small weights. A paper clip weighs about 1 gram

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**28 grams is approximately equal to 1 ounce.**

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**The kilogram is used to measure heavier weights.**

1 kilogram (kg) = 1,000 grams (g) A brick weighs about 1 kilogram

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**1 kilogram is approximately equal to 2.2 pounds.**

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Kangaroos Kg Hop hg Down dkg Gang planks g During dg Cold cg Months mg

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**Customary Units Length 12 inches (in.) = 1 foot (ft.)**

36 inches (in.) = 3 feet (ft.) = 1 yard (yd.) 5,280 feet (ft.) = 1,760 yards = 1 mile(mi.)

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**Customary Units Capacity 8 fluid ounces (fl. oz.) = 1 cup (c)**

2 cups (c) = 1 pint (pt) 2 pints (pt) = 1 quart (qt) 2 quarts (qt) = ½ gallon (gal) 4 quarts (qt) = 1 gallon (gal)

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**Customary Units Weight 16 ounces (oz) = 1 pound (lb)**

2,000 pounds (lbs) = 1 Ton (T)

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**Customary Units Time 60 seconds (sec) = 1 minute (min)**

60 minutes (min) = 1 hour (hr) 24 hours (hr) = 1 day 7 days = 1 week (wk) 52 weeks (wk) = 1 year (yr) 12 months (mo) = 1 year (yr) 365 days = 1 year (yr) 366 days = 1 leap year

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**TEMPERATURE Customary - Fahrenheit °F Metric - Celsius °C**

212°F - Water Boils °C - Water Boils 98.6°F - Normal Body °C - Normal Body Temperature Temperature 68°F - Room Temperature °C - Room Temperature 32°F - Water Freezes 0°C - Water Freezes

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0° - 10°C COLD 11° - 20 °C COOL 21° - 30°C WARM 31° - 40°C HOT

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