Presentation on theme: "Government, Economy, and Culture. Representative Democracy- where the people rule through elected representatives. 3 separate branches: Executive-Carries."— Presentation transcript:
Representative Democracy- where the people rule through elected representatives. 3 separate branches: Executive-Carries out laws Legislative- Enacts laws Judicial- Interprets laws, and reviews decisions of lower courts.
Agriculture United States feeds itself and the world Reasons- fertile soil, favorable climate, early mechanization of country’s farms.
Industry Advances in technology, especially in electronics and computers revolutionized industry and led to the creation of new products and methods of production. Leading industries: Petroleum Steel Transportation equipment Chemical
Phase in which manufacturing no longer plays a dominant role. Most of Americans work in the service industry. Information processing Finance Medicine Transportation education
1 st Artists-Native Americans Pottery, weavings, carvings Early European settlers brought with them the artistic traditions of their homelands. Today, Motion pictures and popular music are two influential American Art forms
80% of Americans live in Cities or Suburbs Highly developed transportation network Skilled positions require advanced education Free public education Leisure Activities- Sports, museums, libraries, television, movies, video games, etc.
16 th and 17 th century French claimed Canada French and Indian War- British defeated French. French settlers stayed behind.
Canada divided into two: Roman Catholic French Protestant British British government split it between two provinces. Upper Canada (Ontario)- English-Speaking majority. Lower Canada (Quebec)- French-Speaking majority.
Problems still existed Dominion of Canada The Dominion was to be a loose confederation, or political union of Ontario and Quebec, and two British colonies on the Atlantic (Nova Scotia and New Brunswick) Self-government but still part of the British empire.
1885 1 st continental railway- Montreal to Vancouver. Gold found in Yukon Copper, Zinc, and Silver later found New railroads and towns Immigrants came from Britain and other parts of the world
Parliamentary government- A system in which both legislative and executive functions are combined in a legislature called parliament. The majority’s party leader in parliament becomes- Prime Minister
One of the world’s richest countries. Early economy was based on trade of natural resources. Important Canadian Industries: Farming, logging, mining, and fishing. Biggest export is forest products (pulp and paper) Mining is very important because of Canada’s extensive mineral deposits.
Biggest export: fish Access to Atlantic, Pacific, and Artic 7 th in the world
15% of Canadians earn their living from manufacturing. 1/5 of Nation’s GDP Automobiles, steel, household appliances, electronics, and high- tech and mining equipment.
60% of GDP Finance, utilities, trade, transportation, tourism, communications, insurance, and real state Fastest growing service industry: Tourism.
Historically Canada’s Economy has relied on trade. Fur trade U.S. and Canada longest open border in the world. 1994 NAFTA (North America Free Trade Association) 85 % of Canada’s export go to U.S. 75% of Canada’s imports come from U.S.
1 st people in Canada were the First Nation people and the Inuit. Metis- people of mixed French and native heritage More recent immigrants from Europe and Asia
Bilingual country- French and English First Nation languages still survive Many conflicts between Protestant and Roman Catholic exist. Muslims and Jews are increasing in numbers.
Much of the population of Canada lives near port cities (Montreal, Toronto, and Vancouver) 80% of people live in 10% of land. 4/5 live in the city 75%of French Canadians live in Quebec Native peoples live in 2,300 reserves Inuit live in the Artic North Canadians of Asian decent live in the west coast
Most Canadians enjoy a high standard of living. Sports and Recreation: skating, ice hockey, fishing, skiing, golf, and hunting. Professional ice hockey, baseball, and basketball teams compete in U.S. leagues. Lacrosse- developed by Native people Ice hockey- developed by early European settlers.
Carvings of the Inuit- Used ivory, whalebone, soapstone to carve figurines of animals and people in scenes from everyday life. Group of Seven- Toronto based group of artists. Stratford Festival in Ontario- honors William Shakespeare.