Presentation on theme: "HIV and AIDS and How to Prevent STDs Created by T Stivers Chapter 25 L3 and L4 Schindewolf Intermediate School."— Presentation transcript:
HIV and AIDS and How to Prevent STDs Created by T Stivers Chapter 25 L3 and L4 Schindewolf Intermediate School
What is AIDS? A disease that ________ the body’s immune system Caused by the HIV: _________ ________________ _______ weakens human immunodeficiencyvirus Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
How does HIV spread? 1.Sexual contact and 2.Blood-to-blood contact 3.Exchange body fluids 4.Transferred to fetus A person’s infected body _________ come into contact with an uninfected person’s _________ skin or _________ membranes. fluids broken mucous
Body fluids include: 1. Blood 2. Vaginal fluids (mucous membrane area of female) 3. Semen (male fluid containing sperm)
Mucous membrane areas of the body include: Mouth Eyes Nose Vagina Rectum Penis
How is HIV transmitted? Sexual intercourse Other types of sexual contact Sharing needles Mother to unborn baby or baby that is nursing
How does HIV attack the cells? 1.HIV attaches to cell membrane 2.Virus enters cell and goes to nucleus 3.Virus makes a copy of genetic itself 4.New virus emerges 5.New virus cell breaks away from host cell
Cure for HIV or AIDS? Medicines can slow down the virus but there is NO vaccine that prevents or cures it. Now a “pandemic” (global outbreak)
Treatment for STDs STD can cause severe, long-term health problems if left untreated. Some are incurable but need medical attention. If exposed, to an STD, visit a public health clinic or your doctor. By law, all STD information is confidential. Infected people have a social obligation to prevent the spread of STDs.
Make a commitment to abstain from sex until marriage! How? 1. Avoid events where drug use or alcohol is present 2. Practice refusal skills, using body language as well as words. 3. Choose relationships carefully.
Think about it............. Is the risk worth ruining your dreams? ruining your life forever?