Presentation on theme: "Chapter 7, Section 1 Pages 238-243. What is culture? How should a nation treat regional differences? When and why should a nation become involved."— Presentation transcript:
What is culture? How should a nation treat regional differences? When and why should a nation become involved internationally? How and why should a country seek to expand its territory?
Culture: the ways of life of a particular group or people Language Art Music Clothing Food A new American culture was emerging – no longer a British culture
Nationalism – the belief that the interests of the nation as a whole are more important than regional interests or the interests of other countries Sectionalism – the belief that one’s own section, or region of the country is more important than the country as a whole Along with an American culture, was a feeling of nationalism in the 1820s
Chief Justice from 1801-1835 Believed in a strong national government Two rulings that reflected nationalism and promoted nationalism by strengthening national government over power of states McCulloch v. Maryland Gibbons v. Ogden
Nationalistic domestic policy by Henry Clay Policies to unite the country Tariff to protect American industries Sale of government lands to raise money for gov’t Maintenance of a national bank Government funding of roads and canals Never put into practice, but showed nationalist feelings and the desire to tie the country together
James Monroe elected president in 1816 Economy grew rapidly Spirit of nationalism and optimism Called the time the “Era of Good Feelings”
Rush-Bagot Treaty (US and Britain) Disarmament of eastern part of the border between U.S. and British Canada Drew the western part of the border between the US and Canada at the 49 th parallel Adams-Onis Treaty (US and Spain) US gets Florida Established a firm boundary between the Louisiana Territory and Spanish Territory
Spain and Russia give up the Oregon Territory Negotiated a treaty with Britain to allow American settlers to travel to Oregon for 10 years
A new foreign policy Basically said that the US would stay out of European affairs and that the US expected Europe to do the same
Missouri Territory applied to become a part of the Union 1819 there were 22 states in the Union, 11 slave and 11 free (equal representation in the Senate) Major question: Do you admit Missouri as a slave state or a free state??
Missouri was admitted as a slave state Maine would be admitted as a free state Kept the balance between free and slave states Slavery would be banned in the northern part of the Louisiana Territory Sectionalism between North and South starting to emerge