Presentation on theme: "Chapter 8 Sharing the Road with Others Now that you have spent 4 weeks in driver education, do you feel you are ready to drive on NJ roadways? Why or why."— Presentation transcript:
Chapter 8 Sharing the Road with Others Now that you have spent 4 weeks in driver education, do you feel you are ready to drive on NJ roadways? Why or why not?
Pedestrians Since 2008, approximately 150 pedestrians have been killed annually in traffic related crashes on New Jersey roadways. In 2009, after a three-year downward trend, the number of pedestrian deaths statewide increased to 157. Vehicle-pedestrian collisions have a five percent fatality rate if the car is going 20 mph, but the rate jumps to 85 percent at 40 mph.
Pedestrians cont. Pedestrians must use a crosswalk (even if it is not painted as such) $54.00 fine over 18 $22.00 fine under 18 for not using a cross walk Pedestrians have the right of way If a motorist strikes a pedestrian causing bodily injury $100-250 and up to 25 days in jail.
Motorcycles Be Alert! The laws governing four-wheel vehicles such as cars and trucks also govern motorcycles. When passed by a motorcycle, a motorist should maintain his/her speed and position. A motorist’s failure to detect and recognize motorcycles in traffic is the most common cause of motorcycle collisions.
Trucks, Tractor-Trailers, and Buses Use caution when driving alongside trucks. 1. knows the limitations of these vehicles regarding visibility, required stopping distance and maneuverability. 2.passing a large truck or bus, it is important to remember that there are several no- zones (blind spots) in which the motorist cannot see other vehicles. 3.during bad weather, a truck can take as much as 25 percent longer to stop.
The no-zone principle Avoid the area around trucks where vehicles disappear into blind spots. Do not move so close to a truck that the truck driver’s ability to stop or maneuver effectively is restricted. Potential for a collision is increased when a motorist is riding in the no-zone. motorist of a large truck or bus cannot see another motorist’s vehicle in the rearview or side-view mirrors, the vehicle is in a no-zone, or blind spot.
No-Zone Principle THE SHADED AREAS ARE “NO-ZONES.” IF YOU ARE IN ONE OF THESE AREAS, THE DRIVER OF THE TRUCK CAN’T SEE YOU.
Rear-zone A motorist should increase following distance behind a truck or other large vehicle driver can spot a motorist’s vehicle in the rearview mirrors. Never tailgate or remain sandwiched between trucks. maintain a sizable space cushion between his/her vehicle and larger vehicles. Leave space when stopping at a light or sign behind a truck or bus, especially when facing uphill. The larger vehicle may roll backward slightly when starting. Give more road space to a truck driver who is making a wide turn. drivers may have to slow, back up or swing wide to negotiate a turn. cannot see smaller vehicles directly behind or beside them.
Side no-zone Drive away from the long blind spots on the sides of trucks. If the motorist must quickly change lanes or make an emergency maneuver, a vehicle in this area will be in the way. Do not linger alongside a truck when passing.
Yielding to School and Commercial Buses State law requires all non-emergency vehicles to yield the right-of-way to buses re-entering traffic after dropping off or picking up bus passengers. Motorists are not required to yield the right- of-way to buses changing lanes. Bus operators are required to drive in a safe and responsible manner. The yield law was enacted to improve safety on the state’s roadways. Violations: $50 or more than $200, up to 15 days in jail or both a fine and a jail term
Chapter 9 Vehicle Information Chapter 10 Essential Information
Vehicle Title Certifies that you own the vehicle Buyers name, address, date of sale, mileage, sale price, buyers signature Present signed title and pay required fee Must pay sales tax on vehicle
Registration Complete Application Show proof of ownership (Vehicle Title) Show proof sales tax has been paid Renewing registration Notice of expiration mailed 60 days before Renew via phone, mail-in, or web Over 3800 pounds pay 72.50 under 46.50
Motorists will receive two matching license plates upon registering a vehicle. 1 in the front and 1 in the back. – Both plates must be clean and visible. The rear plate must be lighted so it is visible from 50 feet at night Using license plate covers or holders that obscure or conceal any lettering on the license plate is a violation, with a fine of up to $100 Report lost or stolen plates to local police. Retain a copy of the complaint. License Plates
Vehicle Inspection All gasoline-fueled vehicles registered in New Jersey must pass state safety and emissions inspections every two years – New vehicles must pass their first MVC inspection four years after they are initially registered What you will need to bring when you a validated 1.Driver License 2.Registration 3. Insurance documents
Vehicle Inspection What to bring Drivers license Registration Proof of insurance Non expired inspection sticker When moving into NJ a motorist must have vehicle inspected within 14 days after registering it. The Process Inspector will determine engine type and prepare for inspection No longer check for defects on the vehicle brake suspension, steering, wheel alignment and safety features (headlights, tail lights, tires, horn, windshield wipers and turn signals)
Insurance Every vehicle registered in New Jersey must have liability insurance. A New Jersey Insurance Identification Card will be provided for each vehicle insured under a policy. Card must remain in the vehicle with the driver. It must be shown – prior to inspection, when involved – in an accident and when – stopped by law enforcement for a traffic violation or roadside spot check. Driving with an uninsured vehicle can result in fines, community service, license and registration suspension and insurance surcharges.
License Renewal Valid license must be carried at all times when driving. Every 4 years Be sure to update provisional when 18 Must report address change within one week Must report name change within two weeks – It is the responsibility of the motorist to renew his/her license. – Renewal notices are sent to motorists up to 90 days prior to the expiration date.
Permit, Non-Driver ID and License Update If a motorist moves within New Jersey or out must report address change within one week If a motorist changes his/her name legally (through a divorce, marriage, adoption or by legal name change) the name change must be reported to the MVC within two weeks