Presentation on theme: "Explain how WWII started Key Terms Axis Powers Axis Powers Anschluss Anschluss Munich Pact Munich Pact Appeasement Appeasement Blitzkrieg Blitzkrieg Non-aggression."— Presentation transcript:
Explain how WWII started Key Terms Axis Powers Axis Powers Anschluss Anschluss Munich Pact Munich Pact Appeasement Appeasement Blitzkrieg Blitzkrieg Non-aggression Pact Non-aggression Pact Dunkirk Dunkirk Battle of Britain Battle of Britain Winston Churchill Winston Churchill Opening Activity What aggressive actions did Japan and Italy make in the early 1930s? What aggressive actions did Japan and Italy make in the early 1930s? How did the League of Nations respond? How did the League of Nations respond? HW: Map Activity use pg. 486 HW: Map Activity use pg. 486
Complete the handout on Appeasing the Nazis Complete the handout on Appeasing the Nazis
C. War Breaks Out 1. Germany invades Poland just a week later. (9-1-39) 2. France and Britain, the Allies, declare war on Germany. (9-3-39) 3.Sitzkrieg (Phony War): 8 months passed with no fighting a. France and Britain mobilized (get ready for war)
C. War Breaks Out (Cont.) 4. Germany invades Norway and Denmark (4-9-40) a. During this time, Chamberlain resigns as leader of Britain and is replaced by Winston Churchill 5. Then Germany invaded Belgium, Netherlands, and Luxembourg (5-10- 40)
1. France and the Maginot Line a. After WWI, France built major fortifications along the French-German border- known as the Maginot Line. b. Problem- French artillery could not be turned around if the Germans got behind the line.
The Invasion of France In May of 1940, Germany invades France through Belgium In May of 1940, Germany invades France through Belgium The Maginot Line was worthless The Maginot Line was worthless French and British soldiers were divided French and British soldiers were divided – Almost 400,000 soldiers became trapped at the beaches of Dunkirk – A makeshift fleet of British tug boats, fishing boats, and yachts rescue 330,000 – The largest rescue in history
France Falls France Falls a.By June 14 th Hitler was in Paris and France was conquered. b.On June 22 nd the world watch as France surrendered 1.France was officially divided into a northern occupied France and a southern Nazi puppet state known as Vichy France 2.French General Charles De Gaulle set up a government from England to continue the fight c. With France gone Great Britain was the only Ally left.
F. BATTLE OF BRITAIN 1.Britain led by Prime Minister Winston Churchill 2.Largest air assault yet, Germans send over 1,000 planes 3.To break the English resolve to fight, Hitler began the “Blitz” an all out attack of civilian targets. 4.Under gunned and outnumbered British air force defend Britain 5.Churchill, “Never give up, never surrender”, Germans end raids in late 1941
Exit: Summarize the beginning of World War II in four sentences. Summarize the beginning of World War II in four sentences. – What was happening? Why?