Presentation on theme: "CAPACITY BUILDING ON CLIMATE CHANGE IN UZBEKISTAN: monitoring and evaluating The Centre of Hydrometeorological Service at the Cabinet of Ministers of the."— Presentation transcript:
CAPACITY BUILDING ON CLIMATE CHANGE IN UZBEKISTAN: monitoring and evaluating The Centre of Hydrometeorological Service at the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Uzbekistan (UZHYDROMET) Dr. Tatyana Ososkova National Coordinator of the UNEP Project “Uzbekistan: Preparation of the Second National Communication”
Scope of Capacity Building in Uzbekistan Capacity-building activities in Uzbekistan cover all sectors in climate change: Institutional capacity National communications GHG inventory Vulnerability & Adaptation studies Policy and measures Mitigation and adaptation strategies Technology Transfer CDM development Implementation of the UNFCCC Article 6 and New Delhi Programme.
Institutional Capacity Building The Centre of Hydrometeorological Service of Uzbekistan (UZHYDROMET) is responsible for the UNFCCC and Kyoto Protocol implementation in Uzbekistan; The National Secretariat on the climate change activities was established at UZHYDROMET in 2000; The DNA for CDM development was created at Ministry of Economics in December 2006.
Capacity Building for preparation of the National Communication -EXPERIENCES- UNDP/GEF Project “Uzbekistan-country study on climate change” on preparation of the Initial National Communication (1997-1999); UNDP/GEF Project “ Phase II of the Initial National Communication” on TNA of climate change mitigation (2001); UNDP-GEF Regional Project “Capacity Building for Improving the Quality of GHG Inventories for the Europe and CIS Region)” on application of the 1996 IPCC Good Practice Guideline for National GHG Inventories (2003- 2006); UNEP Project “Implementation of the UNFCCC Article 6 in Uzbekistan” on education, training and public awareness on climate change ( 2004-2006); Ongoing UNEP Project “ Uzbekistan: Preparation of Second National Communication (SNC)” (2005-2008).
Capacity Building for preparation of the National Communication -EXPERIENCES- STRENGTHENING CAPACITY-BUILDING AT THE SNC BY: GHG emission databases and sustainable system for collecting, managing and utilizing activity data and emission factors were created; GHG inventory for 2000 and 2005 is coming to end; For climatic scenarios were applied the MAGICC/SCENGEN model and Statistical Downscaling Models; For adaptation assessment of water resources was used WEAP model; For adaptation assessment of agriculture sector were used CROPWAT and ISAPEG models; For mitigation assessment were used LEAP model on socio-economic analysis; Now the National Adaptation Strategy is developing.
Capacity Building for preparation of the National Communication -LEARNED LESSONS- Lack of experience in GHG inventory from LULUCF sector and the 2006 IPCC Methodology on GHG Inventory; Integration of climate change policy and measures into the national development planning still “hanging” ; Need to expanse an exchange of experience between countries which are implementing of SNCs; Need to continue the training of national negotiators on UNFCCC and Kyoto Protocol issues; Need to practice the peer review of National Communications between countries for exchanging of project’s experience and increasing knowledge on NCs evaluation; Needs to promote the decisions on financing of the Three National Communications for continue further capacity building activities without breaks; There are trained experts in our country, but without attracting international assistance these activities will stop.
Capacity Building for Technology Transfer - EXPERIENCES and LEARNED LESSONS- Technology Needs Assessment (TNA) on mitigation of climate change was implemented in the framework Phase II INC in 2001, where were identified needs in mitigation technologies by sectors and 40 project proposals in the energy sector, in the industrial sector, in the residential and buildings sector, in the transportation and waste sectors were proposed. Unfortunately, only one project proposal was implement, but others didn’t implemented due high investment cost; CDM projects can be consider as technology transfer mechanism; Implemented TNA didn’t included assessment of adaptation technologies, so: Need to implement new TNA on adaptation technologies assessment; needs financial support for its activities; Insufficient regulatory basis in the country on economic and marker options for technology transfer: need to develop additional legal aspects to promote TT mechanism in practice.
Capacity Building on CDM issues -EXPERIENCES- CIDA Training Program on GHG reduction emission conducted and three CDM demo projects realized in 2003-2006; TACIS/EuropeAid Project “Technical Assistance to Central Asia Countries with respect to their Global Climate Change Commitments” implemented in 2004-2006; UNDP Project “Promoting capacity building on CDM” is implementing now; More 60 CDM project proposals prepared with total potential of GHG reduction emission 14, 587 million t CO2-equalent per year; 6 CDM PINs adopted by DNA and identified partners and fund’s sources; The specialized web site on Uzbekistan’s CDM projects was created at DNA (www.mineconomy.uz/cdm/); International CDM Forum on involving of interested investors was hold 29-30 October 2007.
Capacity Building on CDM issues -LEARNED LESSONS- Lack of qualified experts for preparation of PDD for CDM projects; Lack of knowledge of policy-persons and decision-makers about information related to CDM approval procedures, carbon credits and markets and financial mechanisms; Need consultative assistance on validation and certification procedures, financial analysis of projects and CERs trade; Need to develop the informational library for awareness on CDM with regularly issue of informational bulletins on CDM on national languages; Need to develop of the national registration and monitoring system of Certified Emission Reductions (CERs).
C apacity Building for the UNFCCC Article 6 implementation - EXPERIENCES- The specialized climate change web site was created (WWW.CLIMATE.UZ); National Capacity Assessment on climate change education, training and public awareness was implemented; Climate change public awareness and informing were increased by: – widely dissemination of the published educational climate change school books, university’s courses for students, informational press-releases, pamphlets and bulletins in national languages, including distribution of related materials of IPCC, UNFCCC, UNEP; –holding of provincial thematic training workshops on climate change issues; – regular awareness campaigns on climate change issues for target population groups (local authorities, government agencies, NGOs, private sector, mass media).
Capacity Building for the UNFCCC Article 6 implementation - LEARNED LESSONS- The level of climate change awareness and understanding of the population at the various level of society in Uzbekistan, especially among policy- makers, remains not enough yet; The partnership between national NGOs and government agencies still insufficiently; Needs to develop the Guide on Climate Change and Kyoto Protocol in national languages for policy- and decision- makers; Needs to expanse a national informational networks and include its into regional and international information networks; Needs to develop and conduct the professional training course for local journalists and mass media; Needs translations in national languages the relevant manuals and guides on preparation of CDM and GEF projects, other informational materials of UNEP,UNFCCC and IPCC, their publication and widely dissemination.
Capacity Building for implementation of the New Delhi Work Programme - PERSPECTIVES- Increase of studies in the area of the power effectiveness and energy saving, integration of goals of climate change to the sectors of energy policy and technology transfer promotion; Prepare local experts for negotiation processes on the UNFCCC and Kyoto Protocol implementation in future; Strength the exchange of experience and good practice between South-South countries; Prepare legal documents to promote mainstreaming climate change problem in the national legislation.
NEEDS for strengthening of capacity building UNFCCC/UNDP/GEF/UNEP AND OTHERS CAN RENDER A GREAT ASSISTANCE BY USE ITS-SELF FINANCIAL MECHANISMS THROUGH TRAININGS: On preparation and development of adaptation projects for funding; On technology transfer mechanism for CDM and GEF projects ; On methodologies for adaptation TNAs s ; On negotiation process on the UNFCCC and Kyoto Protocol implementation;
NEEDS for strengthening of capacity building UNFCCC/UNDP/GEF/UNEP AND OTHERS CAN RENDER A GREAT ASSISTANCE BY USE ITSSELF FINANCIAL MECHANISMS THROUGH TRAININGS: On climate scenarios with apply of PRECIS and Standard Statistical Downscaling models; on construction of socio- economic scenarios for countries with economy in transition; on apply of methodology and practice for land use change scenarios (there is no any experience in this field in our country); On cost estimation of risks related to extreme events, the adequately insurance and risk management, efficient early warning systems, mainstreaming disaster risk reduction and disaster management; On GIS application in different areas (agriculture, ecosystems, snow-ice resources) and using satellite information including international sources of big resolution.
CONCLUSION Monitoring and evaluating of capacity- building and its annually submission in table format to the UNFCCC Secretariat are useful approach and allows to estimate efficiency implementation of the related climate change activities and assists in removing gaps and barriers. THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION! Please contact: email@example.com