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© Thomson/South-WesternSlideCHAPTER 321 EDUCATION FOR LIFELONG LEARNING 32.1Education and Training 32.2Educational Information Chapter 32
© Thomson/South-WesternSlideCHAPTER 322 EDUCATION AND TRAINING Discuss why education or training beyond high school may be needed Illustrate how the amount of required preparation varies among occupations Name and describe six common types of education and training Objectives Lesson 32.1
© Thomson/South-WesternSlideCHAPTER 323 INVESTING IN YOUR FUTURE Additional education and training will be one of the best investments you can make in your future. A career ladder is a group of related occupations with different skill requirements organized into ranks like steps on a ladder. Lesson 32.1
© Thomson/South-WesternSlideCHAPTER 324 CAREER LADDER EXAMPLES Lesson 32.1
© Thomson/South-WesternSlideCHAPTER 325 PREPARING FOR AN OCCUPATION Complete high school Career path depends on you What occupation do you have in mind? How much time and effort are you willing to put into your education and training? Lesson 32.1
© Thomson/South-WesternSlideCHAPTER 326 SEVERAL DIFFERENT PATHS MAY LEAD TO YOUR CAREER GOAL Lesson 32.1
© Thomson/South-WesternSlideCHAPTER 327 TYPES OF EDUCATION AND TRAINING On-the-job training Apprenticeship Career and technical schools Community and junior colleges Colleges and universities Military training Lesson 32.1
© Thomson/South-WesternSlideCHAPTER 328 ON-THE-JOB TRAINING Almost all occupations involve some sort of learning by doing, also known as on-the-job training (OJT). A skilled worker teaches you as you watch. You then do the task under supervision. An advantage of OJT is that you are paid while you learn. Some jobs are almost always learned through OJT. Lesson 32.1
© Thomson/South-WesternSlideCHAPTER 329 APPRENTICESHIP An apprenticeship is a formal program of on-the-job training and related instruction by which a worker learns an occupation under the direction of a journey worker. An apprentice is a trainee engaged in learning an occupation under the guidance and direction of a skilled worker. Lesson 32.1
© Thomson/South-WesternSlideCHAPTER 3210 APPRENTICESHIP A journey worker is a skilled, experienced worker; the status achieved by an apprentice upon completion of an apprenticeship program. An apprenticeship register is a waiting list for individuals who have met the preliminary requirements for entrance into an apprenticeship program. Lesson 32.1 (continued)
© Thomson/South-WesternSlideCHAPTER 3211 TOP 25 APPRENTICESHIP OCCUPATIONS RankOccupationRankOccupation 1Electrician14Child Care Development Specialist 2Carpenter15Boilermaker 3Plumber16Heating/Air-Conditioner-Installer 4Pipe Fitter (construction)17Power line Maintainer 5Sheet Metal Worker18Power line Installer & Repairer 6Structural-Steel Worker19Correction Officer 7Elevator Constructor20Millwright 8Roofer21Cook (hotel & restaurant) 9Sprinkler Filter22Electrician (maintenance) 10Bricklayer (construction)23Machinist 11Construction Craft Laborer24Tool & Die Maker 12Painter (construction)25Insulation Workers 13Operating Engineer Lesson 32.1
© Thomson/South-WesternSlideCHAPTER 3212 CAREER AND TECHNICAL SCHOOLS Career programs are offered by high schools, career high schools, and area career centers. Other sources of training include trade schools, technical institutes, business schools, and correspondence or home-study schools. Lesson 32.1
© Thomson/South-WesternSlideCHAPTER 3213 PROPRIETARY SCHOOLS Proprietary schools are privately operated postsecondary vocational, technical, or business schools. Classes last from several weeks to several years. A proprietary school is often more expensive than a public institution such as a community college. Lesson 32.1
© Thomson/South-WesternSlideCHAPTER 3214 COMMUNITY AND JUNIOR COLLEGES These two-year colleges provide two types of programs: College transfer program—a two-year general education program for students who plan to transfer to a four-year college Occupational or career program—specialized skill training leading directly to employment A community or junior college offers training in many occupational areas. Lesson 32.1
© Thomson/South-WesternSlideCHAPTER 3215 MAIN ADVANTAGES OF COMMUNITY AND JUNIOR COLLEGES They have close ties with local business and industry and try to tailor their training programs to the needs of the local area. These colleges are usually less expensive to attend. Lesson 32.1
© Thomson/South-WesternSlideCHAPTER 3216 COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES Colleges and universities are four-year institutions. A typical state college or university offers 100 majors. Majors are primary areas of study chosen by students for a college or other degree. Most undergraduate programs give you a foundation upon which many careers can be built. Lesson 32.1
© Thomson/South-WesternSlideCHAPTER 3217 COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES In four years of college, you can expect to gain a basic education in your chosen field of study. In addition, you will be expected to broaden your knowledge of literature, mathematics, science, history, the fine arts, and many other areas. (continued) Lesson 32.1
© Thomson/South-WesternSlideCHAPTER 3218 MILITARY TRAINING Another way to get education and training is to join a branch of the Armed Forces. While in the service, you can learn skills and gain work experience. You can use your skills to get a civilian job. You may decide to make a career of military service. Lesson 32.1
© Thomson/South-WesternSlideCHAPTER 3219 EDUCATIONAL INFORMATION Know sources of information regarding education and training Know sources of information regarding financial aid Objectives Lesson 32.2
© Thomson/South-WesternSlideCHAPTER 3220 EDUCATION AND TRAINING To make a good educational decision, you will need information on various schools, including: Courses of study Admissions requirements Costs Lesson 32.2
© Thomson/South-WesternSlideCHAPTER 3221 RESOURCES Occupational Outlook Handbook (OOH) Published guides Guidance office or career center Public library Internet Local Job Service office Apprenticeship Information Centers Armed Forces recruiting office Lesson 32.2
© Thomson/South-WesternSlideCHAPTER 3222 FINANCIAL AID Financial aid is a broad term that includes all forms of financial assistance to individuals pursuing postsecondary education. Grants are funds provided to qualified persons to assist them in attending college or in other postsecondary education. Scholarships are financial aid awarded to a student on the basis of outstanding academic achievement. Lesson 32.2
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