Presentation on theme: "CULTURE The body of learned behaviors common to a given human society."— Presentation transcript:
1 CULTURE The body of learned behaviors common to a given human society. It includes all of the artifacts, symbols, language, values and norms that make up the social environment of human life.
2 CULTURE All cultures have the same drives: food, water and sleepHave many of the same activities:raising crops or herding animalsMajor Difference:each develops its own answers to the same problems.Cultural Variation
3 CULTURE Cause of Cultural Variation Geography: climate, topography (land elevation), and resources have a tremendous impactEx. Arctic vs. tropicDiscovery: finding some element or principle not previously known.Ex. FireInvention: Finding of some known elements or principles into some form not previously used.Ex. Telegraph, Telephone, Cell Phone
4 CULTURE Isolation: The absence of interaction with others. Ex. Tribal societies todayValues: Those things which are considered important and good in a particular society.Ex. Being on time, respect of all people
5 Culture Norms: Folkways: Shared rules of behavior particular to a certain groupFormal: school rules that include sanctionsInformal: unwritten standards of behaviorFolkways:Etiquette and customs of a people that are not of critical importance to the society.May not apply to all segments of society.HolidaysFamily traditionReligion
6 CultureMores:Rules of behavior that are very important to a particular culture whose violation would endanger its basic stability.No legal consequenceCould create social outcastLaws:Norms established and enforced by the local, state and/or federal government
7 CultureValues:Collective idea of what is right or wrong, good or bad, desirable or undesirable in a particular culture.Usually referred to in pairsBrave / CowardlyHardworking / lazy*A Process of EvaluationWho evaluates???
8 CULTURE Two types of Culture: Material Culture: Begins as raw materials or resourcesTransformed into usable itemsClothing, phones, computers, cars
9 CULTURE Nonmaterial Culture: The abstract or intangible human creations of society that influence people’s behavior.Language, beliefs, values, rules of behavior, family patterns, political systems.What is acceptable and right to the majority of people in a given society
10 CULTUREAs a society, are we more concerned with material or nonmaterial culture?Give examples to support your belief