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 What financial sources are used to securing financing to start/operate a business? ◦ Personal Savings ◦ Bank Financing ◦ SBA Loans ◦ Venture Capital.

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Presentation on theme: " What financial sources are used to securing financing to start/operate a business? ◦ Personal Savings ◦ Bank Financing ◦ SBA Loans ◦ Venture Capital."— Presentation transcript:


2  What financial sources are used to securing financing to start/operate a business? ◦ Personal Savings ◦ Bank Financing ◦ SBA Loans ◦ Venture Capital

3  How much cash do you have available to start a business?  Do you own something that can be used as “collateral” ◦ Security in the form of assets that you pledge to a lender. If you don’t pay your loan, the lender can seize the asset (i.e., car, home)

4  Equity Capital ◦ Cash raised for a business in exchange for an ownership stake in the business.  Equity: Ownership in a business  Forms of Equity Financing ◦ Friends and family ◦ Private investors ◦ Partners ◦ Venture capitalists ◦ Funding, grants or subsidies from state

5  Character  Capacity  Capital  Collateral  Conditions

6  Character ◦ A borrower’s reputation, experience, and ethical values.  Capacity ◦ Ability to repay loan. Based on incoming and outgoing- cash flow

7  Capital ◦ Money to operate a business ◦ The net worth of a business–the amount by which the assets of the business exceed the liabilities.  Collateral ◦ Security in the form of assets you pledge to a lender.

8  Conditions ◦ Conditions of the environment in which the business operates. Lenders consider:  Economic conditions  Potential for growth  Amount of competition  Location  Form of ownership ◦ Some lenders will require certain types of insurance coverage to limit their risk

9  Lenders that do not want an equity stake in your company, but are willing to loan you money for your business, will have you pay interest on the amount borrowed. ◦ Interest: The amount paid to “use” money for a period of time.  The original amount lent is called the principal  The percentage of the principal which must be paid annually as interest is called the interest rate.

10  Principal x Interest Rate x Time = Interest PRT = I Principal (P) = $50,000 Interest Rate (R) = 8% Time (T) = 5 years $50,000 x.08 = $4,000 interest/year $4,000 x 5 = $20,000 total interest $50,000+ $20,000 = $70,000 total to repay

11 Principal (P) = $50,000 Interest Rate (R) = 8% Time (T) = 5 years $70,000 total to repay over 5 years Amortization: Calculating fixed monthly payments over the life of the loan. 5 years = 60 months $70,000  60 = $1,166.67 (monthly payment)

12  ROI ◦ A comparison of the money earned (or lost) on an investment to the amount of money invested.  You need to determine your potential ROI before you start your business. If the return is too low, don’t waste your time with this business. Time is money

13 Smart investors look for returns of 10% or higher from a business. $80,000 investment 10% yearly return (ROI) $80,000 x.10 = $8,000 ROI (annual Net Profit) Remember: Your MONEY should work hard for you; not YOU work hard for your money

14  A report of the final balances of all assets, liabilities, and owner’s equity at the end of a period.  The Structure of a Balance Sheet: Assets = Liabilities + Equity The two sides of the equation must balance.

15  Reports: assets, liabilities, & capital  Remember both sides must always balance. Hence the name


17 Assets represent things of value that a person or company owns and has in its possession or something that will be received and can be measured objectively. Assets can depreciate which is a gradual loss of an asset’s value due to age or wear. Cars are good examples.

18 Liabilities are what a person or company owes to others-- creditors, suppliers, tax authorities, employees etc. They are obligations that must be paid under certain conditions and time frames.

19 A company's equity represents retained earnings and funds contributed by its shareholders, who accept the uncertainty that comes with ownership risk in exchange for what they hope will be a good return on their investment. On an individual’s balance sheet, it would be called Net Worth (as in this example).

20 Assets = Liabilities + Equity (Net Worth) It Balances…thus the name of this report!

21  Capital – Value of the owner’s investment in the company after subtracting liabilities from assets ◦ Also known as: net worth, owner’s equity, stockholder equity  Assets = Liability + Capital

22  You buy a car for $10,000 ◦ $5,000 comes from your savings ◦ $5,000 car loan  Your Balance Sheet: AssetLiability Car $10,000 Account Payable $5,000 Owner’s Equity $5,000 Asset - Liability (If you sell it at $10,000)

23  Only referred with cars until recently ◦ Off the lot you loose $2,000-5,000 Depreciation  Your Balance Sheet: after 3 years AssetLiability Car $4,000 Account Payable $5,000 Owner’s Equity (capital) $ after Liability -$1,000

24  A few years ago houses started preciating ◦ Value of homes went up ◦ Owner’s equity went up  Home owner’s refinanced mortgage and took the equity $ out ◦ Bought expensive toys  Houses started to depreciate ◦ Owners owned more than house was worth ◦ Foreclosures – owners walking away

25 Assets = Liabilities + Equity

26  Determines the profit or loss by reporting the company’s revenues & expenses ◦ Usually prepared monthly, quarterly, or semiannually  It contains three parts: ◦ Revenue ◦ Expense ◦ Profit or Loss

27  Revenue – Income earned for the period ◦ Sales from goods/services  Expenses – All costs incurred in operating the business ◦ Cost of materials  Profit or Loss – Difference between revenue & total expenses

28 Crown’s Jewelry Corporation Income Statement For the Year Ending December 31, 2008 Revenue from Sales$800,000 Cost of Goods Sold440,000 Gross Profit$360,000 Operating Expenses Salaries and Wages$160,000 Advertising & Promotion48,000 Depreciation32,000 Utilities20,000 Supplies Used12,000 Other8,0000 Total Operating Expenses280,000 Net Profit (before Taxes)$80,000

29  Same: ◦ At the top of statement the company name, type of statement, and date are listed  Difference: ◦ Balance Sheet – shows the financial condition f a business at a particular point in time ◦ Income Statement – shows the financial performance (profit or loss) that occurs over a period of time

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