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Understanding Your Paycheck and Tax Forms

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1 Understanding Your Paycheck and Tax Forms

2 Where Does My Money Go? Almost 31% of an individual’s paycheck is deducted Taxes are the largest expense most individuals will have Therefore, it is important to understand the systematic deductions U.S. tax system operates on an ongoing payment system Taxes are immediately paid on income earned

3 Three methods employers may use to
Paying Employees Three methods employers may use to pay employees: Paycheck- Most common method Employee responsible for handling the paycheck Immediately see payroll stub and deductions

4 Paying Employees continued
Direct Deposit- Employers directly deposit employee’s paycheck into the authorized employee’s bank account Employee receives the paycheck stub detailing the paycheck deductions Most secure because there is no direct handling of the check Employee knows exactly when paycheck will be deposited and available

5 Paying Employees continued
3. Payroll Card- A payroll card electronically carries the balance of the employee’s net pay Funds are directly deposited by an employer into an account at a financial institution that is linked to the payroll card Parties involved: Employer Employee Financial institution Use the payroll card for ATM withdrawals or to make purchases

6 Payroll Card There are numerous fees associated with payroll cards
Number of fees depends upon the financial institution Examples: Monthly or annual fee ATM fee Inactivity fee Fee after a specific number of transactions have been used Replacement fee if the card is lost, stolen , or destroyed Load fee (when funds are placed on the card account) Point of sale (POS) fee for using the card at a POS terminal, or an electronic payment processor

7 Progressive vs. Regressive Taxes
Taxes – Compulsory charges imposed on citizens by local, state, and federal governments Used to provide public goods and services Largest amount of taxes a person pays is on his/her income Progressive Taxes – Take a larger percentage of income from high income taxpayers Examples are State and Federal taxes Regressive Taxes – As income rises, the taxes remain the same or decrease Higher income taxpayers are proportionally charged less Examples are Medicare, Social Security, and state sales taxes

8 Taxes continued Internal Revenue Service (IRS) – Collects federal taxes, issues regulations, and enforces tax laws written by the United States Congress

9 Starting a New Job To receive a paycheck, an employee must:
Complete a Form W-4 Employee’s Withholding Allowance Certificate Complete a Form I-9 Employment Eligibility Verification

10 Form W-4 Employee’s Withholding Allowance Certificate Allowances
Determines the percentage of gross pay which will be withheld for taxes Allowances Used to determine the amount of federal taxes withheld from the paycheck A person may claim a personal allowance if no one else claims the person as a dependent Dependent – a person who relies on the taxpayer for financial support

11 Steps to Completing a Form W-4
Print or type legal name on Line 1 and home address directly below the name Write social security number on Line 2 On Line 3, check the appropriate box to indicate marital status Enter a zero on Line 5 if not claiming any allowances Sign name and date the form before giving it to the employer Keep a copy for personal records

12 Form I-9 Employment Eligibility Verification Form
Used to verify the eligibility of individuals to avoid hiring undocumented workers or others who are not eligible to work in the United States Must provide documentation which establishes identity and employment eligibility Examples include driver’s license, passport, Social Security card, and birth certificate

13 Form W-2 Wage and Tax Statement
States the amount of money earned and taxes paid throughout the previous year Used to file income taxes By January 31, an employer should mail a Form W-2 to each employee for the previous year

14 Family Economics & Financial Education
Reading a Paycheck

15 Paycheck Stub Paycheck Stub
On-The-Go Employee Beakens, Joe SSN Check # 164 Check Amount $1,102.98 Employee Address 293 Michael Grove Billings, MT Pay Type- Gross Pay Deductions Current Year-to-date  $1,353.33 Federal Withholding State Withholding Fed OASDI/EE or Social Security Fed MED/EE or Medicare Medical 401K $ $40.82 $83.91 $19.62 $0.00 $0.00 $ $ $ $ $0.00 $0.00 Totals $250.35 $1,502.10 Pay Period 6/11/2004-7/11/2004 Paycheck Stub A document included each pay period which outlines paycheck deductions

16 Personal Information Personal Information
States the employee’s full name, address, and social security number Always check to ensure this information is correct

17 Pay Period Pay Period The length of time for which an employee’s wages are calculated; most are weekly, bi-weekly, twice a month, or monthly The last day of the pay period is not always payday to allow a business to accurately compute wages

18 Gross Pay Gross Pay The total amount of money earned during a pay period before deductions This is calculated by multiplying the number of hours worked by the hourly rate If a person is on salary, it is the total salary amount divided by the specified time period

19 Net Pay Net Pay The amount of money left after all deductions have been withheld from the gross pay earned in the pay period

20 Deductions Deductions
The amount of money subtracted from the gross pay earned for mandatory systematic taxes, employee sponsored medical benefits, and/or retirement benefits

21 Federal Withholding Tax
The amount required by law for employers to withhold from earned wages to pay taxes The amount of money deducted depends on the amount earned and information provided on the Form W-4 Largest deduction withheld from an employee’s gross income

22 State Withholding Tax State Withholding Tax
The percentage deducted from an individual’s paycheck to assist in funding government agencies within the state The percentage deducted depends on the amount of gross pay earned

23 FICA (Federal Insurance Contribution Act)
This tax includes two separate taxes: Fed OASDI/EE or Social Security and Fed MED/EE or Medicare These two taxes can be combined as one line item or itemized separately on a paycheck stub

24 Social Security Social Security
Nation’s retirement program, helps provide retirement income for elderly and pays disability benefits Based upon a percentage (6.2%) of gross income, employer matches the contribution made by the employee

25 Medicare Medicare Nation’s health care program for the elderly and disabled, provides hospital and medical insurance to those who qualify Based upon a percentage (1.45%) of gross income

26 Medical Medical The amount taken from the employee’s paycheck for medical benefits Occurs when the employer has a medical plan for employees but does not pay full coverage for his/her benefits

27 Retirement Plan Retirement Plan
The amount an employee contributes each pay period to a retirement plan A specified percentage of the contribution is often matched by the employer May be a 401K, a state, or local retirement plan

28 Year-to-Date Year-to-Date
Total of all of the deductions which have been withheld from an individual’s paycheck from January 1 to the last day of the pay period indicated on the paycheck stub

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