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Published bySuzan Harrell Modified over 7 years ago
Strategic Management the art and science of formulating, implementing and evaluating crossfunctional decisions that enable an organization to meet its objectives
Revise? DevelopStrategicVisionandMissionSetObjectivesCraftStrategytoAchieveObjectives ImplementStrategy Evaluate,Review,Correct Tasks of Strategic Management Revise? Revise?Revise? Revise?
Benefits of Strategic Management Proactive approach to future –initiate and influence, rather than respond to activities –allows identification, prioritization, and exploitation of opportunities
Benefits of Strategic Management Process more important than document –Communication –More informed decisions –Empowerment –Improved coordination and control of activities –Decisions support established objectives
Benefits of Strategic Management Provides basis for identifying and rationalizing need for change –Less resistance to change Provides rationale for allocating resources
Strategic Vision Road map to future of company –Direction it is headed –Business position it intends to stake out –Capabilities it plans to develop Unique to a company Guides decision making Shapes strategy
TASK I: Develop a Business Mission Defines organization’s reason for being Statement of purpose –distinguishes organization from all others Provides basis for generating/screening strategic options
A Good Mission Statement Defines what organization is and what it aspires to be –What needs will we satisfy? –Whose needs will we satisfy? –How customers’ needs will be satisfied?
A Good Mission Statement Defines organization’s scope of activities Broad enough to allow growth –allows generation of alternative objectives and strategies –provides useful criteria for selecting among alternatives
A Good Mission Statement Simple and concise Inspiring, motivating –Creates emotional bond between organization and employees Provides unity of direction –Creates sense of shared expectations
Desirable Elements of a Mission Statement Customers Products or services Markets Technology Concern for survival, growth, and profitability
Desirable Elements of a Mission Statement Philosophy Self-concept Concern for public image Concern for employees
TASK II: Setting Objectives Objectives--specific performance targets –Yardsticks for tracking performance –Indicate strategic intent to stake out a particular business position Financial or strategic Long range or short range
Setting Objectives Challenging but achievable in order to avoid –complacency –drift –internal confusion over where to focus resources –satisfaction with status quo
Strategy A plan for achieving objectives – (game plan) How the organization’s business will be conducted How objectives will be achieved
Levels of strategy Corporate Business Functional Operating
TASK III: Crafting a Strategy An ongoing (evolutionary) process Done within context of internal and external situation
Crafting a Strategy Strategy must “fit” with other aspects of the organization –capabilities –reward structure –policies and procedures –organizational culture
Strategic Plan Integrated collection of strategies Vertically and crossfunctionally coordinated Specifies where organization is headed and how it plans to achieve targeted goals
Strategic Plan Comprised of first 3 Tasks of Strategic Management –Define business/establish mission –Set performance objectives –Craft a strategy Created within context of internal and external situation
Task IV: Implementation Build an organization capable of carrying out strategy Allocate ample resources to strategy critical activities Establish strategy supportive policies and procedures Institute Best Practices and mechanisms for continuous improvement
Implementation Install support systems that allow personnel to carry out their strategic roles effectively Tie rewards/incentives to performance objectives and good strategy execution Strategy supportive work environment and corporate culture Exercise strategic leadership
TASK V: Evaluation/Feedback Continuously monitor performance Monitor changes in environment Initiate corrective adjustments as needed
Some general observations These 5 tasks do not occur sequentially or independently These tasks are not done in isolation from other managerial responsibilities
General observations These tasks make erratic demands on a manager’s time Effective execution of a sound current strategy is often more desirable than excessively changing strategy
Factors shaping the Choice of Strategy Societal, political, regulatory, community citizenship considerations Company strengths, weaknesses and competitive capabilities Personal ambitions, business philosophies, and ethics of key executives Shared values and company culture Company’s strategic situation Industry attractiveness; changing industry and competitive conditions Company opportunities and threats StrategyOptionsStrategyOptions
Industry and Competitive Analysis Dominant economic traits Existing competition and competitive forces Driving forces in industry Strongest /weakest companies Key Success Factors for the industry Overall industry attractiveness
Company Situation Analysis Identify current mission, objectives, strategy How well is current strategy working? SWOT Financial analysis Strength of competitive position Strategic issues/problems
Industry and competitive conditions Company situation analysis Realistic strategic options Best Strategy Fits co. situation? Lead to Comp. Adv.? Improve Co. Performance? Strategic analysis leads to good strategic choices
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