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Challenges and the benefits of interoperability for the railway industry and the rail transport Eric Fontanel UNIFE General Manager.

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Presentation on theme: "Challenges and the benefits of interoperability for the railway industry and the rail transport Eric Fontanel UNIFE General Manager."— Presentation transcript:

1 Challenges and the benefits of interoperability for the railway industry and the rail transport Eric Fontanel UNIFE General Manager

2 What is UNIFE ? Full members: 62 of the largest and medium-sized companies in the rail supply sector Associated members: 18 National Associations, representing almost 1,000 suppliers of railway equipment UNIFE represents the European rail supply industry Based in Brussels since 1992, 24 permanent employees A trusted partner of the European institutions in all matters related to rail and transport UNIFE members have an 80% market share in Europe and supply more than 50% of the worldwide production of rail equipment and services.

3 UNIFE Members 61 Full Members 15 National Associations

4 Economic Growth Climate Change RAIL TRANSPORT Increasing Mobility Demand UNIFE Vision

5 UNIFE harmonisation objectives Ensure technical interoperability and standardisation, to enhance railway system in a competitive global market Coordinate the efforts in standardisation areas, European technical regulation and research towards a better interoperable and even more environmentally friendly European railway transport system Covers all the product areas of the railway system relevant for standards and regulation

6 Benefits of Interoperability Interoperability is a high priority for the manufacturing industry, especially when concerning Rolling Stock ERTMS Huge Benefits: Full open market Standardisation/bigger volumes No more borders Increase of rail traffic … Challenges for Rolling Stock manufacturers: Not so technical but rather procedural & administrative

7 Current EC regulatory framework New single Interoperability Directive 2008/57/EC of 17 June 2008 Introduces the concept of type authorisation Provides a legal basis to Cross Acceptance agreements Clarifies the conditions for putting in service of TSI compliant vehicles New ERA Regulation (EC) No 1225/2008 of 16 December 2008 The ERA is mandated to develop a reference document with information on all the national rules on placing in service of rolling stock New Safety Directive 2008/110/EC of 16 December 2008 Confirms the responsibility for the authorisation for placing vehicle in service to National Safety Authorities (NSA)

8 Business needs We have now entered into the most complex period in terms of placing in service of railways vehicles Opening of the railways international transport market and equipment procurement market, leading to: a fast increasing need for international placing in service pressure on prices and design of “platform” standard rolling stock solutions by European manufacturers Enforcement of National Safety Authorities powers, leading to the publication of national rules in the 27 member states Certification/Authorisation cost very high: 1 to 5 Million euros per product and per country

9 Vehicle Authorisation request in Germany until 2010 Type / Vehicle

10 Administrative burden TSIs harmonise: Basic parameters and interfaces - §4 Conformity assessment by Notified Bodies - §6 The rolling stock TSI are only valid on the TEN network, which includes only 40% of the European conventional lines But practically all vehicles (high speed as well as conventional) have also to be authorised for non TEN routes NSA authorisation for placing in service still means conformity with national rules and application of national processes, in addition to conformity to the TSI The conformity to the rolling stock TSI for passenger trains is therefore, for the moment, seen by the manufacturing industry as a counter-productive burden

11 New Interoperability Directive: Type Authorisation Simplifies and speeds-up the authorisation process Clarifies the national authorisation process of existing types by the National Safety Authorities Achieve structured transparency

12 New Interoperability Directive: Cross Acceptance Fosters national bilateral agreements for mutual recognition of certifications and authorisations of placing in service of new rolling stock and other sub-systems First results: France and Germany Recent return of experience underlines difficulties linked to the different processes Corridor A Member States - IRL (International Requirement List)

13 A truly harmonised European market The combination of the authorisation of type and of cross- acceptance agreements will help to lift the administrative burden during an interim period But it cannot be sufficient on the medium term for the real and definitive creation of a fully open European market UNIFE therefore fully supports the ERA works on the creation of the national rules reference list and on fostering harmonisation of certification procedures But our final medium term objective is the ultimate elimination of all unnecessarily national technical rules and national certifications National rules should ultimately be strictly restricted to duly identified national specific cases in Infrastructure, energy or control-command

14 Lessons from experience Experience shows that : only limited and well known in advance technical modifications are necessary for a Rolling Stock to be placed in service in a second country the technical characteristics of a large majority of the off TEN routes do not differ significantly from the TEN ones Furthermore, the compliance with the Rolling Stock TSI does not introduce higher construction costs, when the series can be enlarged by international acceptance

15 Extension of TSI geographical scope The new Interoperability Directive gives the possibility to the extension of the TSIs geographic scope to the whole European System - According to its Article 1.4 UNIFE supports the geographical extension of the rolling stock TSI scope Excluding only Urban Rail Systems and other functionally separated networks With the use of national technical rules strictly limited to actual national specific cases

16 Step beyond the technical harmonisation: Harmonisation of the authorisation/certification process in Europe, including: Roles and responsibilities Legal framework Solve the incoherence between Interoperability and Safety Directive As a consequence for the future: ERA as European authority for the certification of rolling stock NSA focussing on national specific cases Extension of the ERA role

17 Thank you for your attention

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