What is Grammar? Grammar is the way that words are put together to form a sentence.
What is a sentence? This is a group of words that are put together, contain a verb and make sense on their own. A sentence always starts with a capital letter and ends in a. ? or ! Commands- Go over there. Statement – I have brown hair. Questions- Can I have some chocolate? Exclamations- Wow that’s amazing!
Parts of speech Noun- name, place or thing Common, proper, collective, abstract. Verbs- action words Adjectives- words that describe nouns Adverbs- words that describe verbs Connectives- words that join two parts of a sentence. Preposition- a word that states where the noun is placed.
Phrases and Clauses Phrase- a group or related words that make up part of a sentence. They don’t make sense on their own. They do not have to contain a verb. Clause- part of the sentence that contains the verb Main clause- is independent and makes sense on its own Subordinate clause- usually contains the connective, but still has a verb and does not make sense on its own.
Extending sentences Compound sentences- two independent clauses I tried to speak Spanish and my friend tried to speak English. Alejandro played football so Maria went shopping. I like ice cream but you like doughnuts
Complex sentences- an independent clause and one or more dependent clauses joined using connectives or commas. The boat sailed into the harbour although it was very dangerous. Although it was very dangerous, the ship sailed into the harbour. I work hard at school because I want to get a good job. Sitting in front of the fire, the cat licked its paws. Adverbial phrases- time, place or how At the very beginning of the day, we always read our books. We always read our books at the very beginning of the day. Mr Barraclough teaches us singing in the hall at school. Sitting quietly, I read my book.
Relative clauses and phrases- used to add extra information The boy, in the stripped trousers, walked down the road. The teacher, who always arrives at school on time, teaches English. After looking at his watch (which he does regularly) the man realised that he was late.
Lets have a go…… The girl is splashing. What could we add to make our sentence better?