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COMP 6471 Software Design Methodologies Winter 2006 Dr Greg Butler

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1 COMP 6471 Software Design Methodologies Winter 2006 Dr Greg Butler

2 Course Introduction Course People Course Components What the course is What the course is not The CU WME Design Case Study Larman’s Design Process What is OO Analysis and Design Design Pattern Example - Command

3 Course People Instructor: Dr Greg Butler Office Hours: Wednesdays 16:00 to 17:00 Or by appointment But ask questions in class please TAs: Bahman Zamani, Farzad Kohantorabi Teaching Fellow: Stephen Barrett Labs: Wednesday 15:30 to 17:30 ???

4 Course Components Lectures: Mondays 17:45 to 20:25 H-603-1 Assignments: 6, every 2 weeks, worth 60% Quizzes: 2, weeks 6 and 12, worth 40% You must pass the quizzes!!!

5 Course Objectives “Think in Objects” Analyze requirements with use cases Create domain models Apply an iterative & agile Unified Process (UP) Relate analysis and design artifacts Read & write high- frequency UML Practice Apply agile modeling Design object solutions –Assign responsibilities to objects –Design collaborations –Design with patterns –Design with architectural layers –Understand OOP (e.g., Java) mapping issues

6 What the course is: A (first) look at OO design! Design process: domain model, use cases, design Emphasis: models, GRASP principles, design patterns, responsibility, collaboration Mentions: RDD, TDD, MDD, extensibility Closely follows textbook!

7 What the course is not: A course in UML, Java You should know the basics of these And become expert (as needed) yourself A course in tools: Eclipse, XDE, JUnit You can work through tutorials yourself A course in UI design, DB design A course in software engineering, software architecture, software reuse, …

8 The CU WME Design Case Study Concordia University Work Management Environment (CU WME) provides support for an organisation of people who produce and publish documents Components: User Management File Management Change Management Activity Management Collaborative Publication Project Management

9 The CU WME Design Case Study No UI required No DB design required But … we design APIs to hide these Assignments: Short problem statement Domain model Use case model Design and code (proof-of-concept) Refinement – add some special cases Refinement – handle some exceptions

10 The CU WME Design Case Study Team of up to six members – preferably 5 or 6 Individual work on individual component of CU WME Rotate responsibility for components Components must be consistent Therefore teamwork essential

11 Larman’s Design Process

12 Domain Model

13 Use Case Model

14 Typical Software Architecture Layers

15 Typical Software Architecture Layers (Simplified)

16 What is Design? Developing a blueprint (plan) for a mechanism that performs the required task, … taking into account all the constraints, & … making trade-offs between constraints when they are in conflict.

17 What is OO Analysis and Design Object-Oriented Analysis –Important domain concepts or objects? –Vocabulary? –Visualized in the UP Domain Model Object-Oriented Design –Design of software objects –Responsibilities –Collaborations –Design patterns –Visualized in the UP Design Model

18 Important Concepts Model Abstraction hiding (unimportant) details Eg, cover of Larman’s book GRASP Principle for assigning responsibility Design pattern Solution to design problem in context Eg, Command pattern

19 Responsibility-Driven Design (RDD) Detailed object design is usually done from the point of view of the metaphor of: –Objects have responsibilities –Objects collaborate Responsibilities are an abstraction. –The responsibility for persistence. Large-grained responsibility. –The responsibility for the sales tax calculation. More fine-grained responsibility.

20 The 9 GRASP Principles 1.Creator 2.Expert 3.Controller 4.Low Coupling 5.High Cohesion 6.Polymorphism 7.Pure Fabrication 8.Indirection 9.Protected Variations

21 Present solutions to common software problems arising within a certain context Overview of Patterns Capture recurring structures & dynamics among software participants to facilitate reuse of successful designs The Proxy Pattern 11 Proxy service Service service AbstractService service Client Help resolve key software design forces Flexibility Extensibility Dependability Predictability Scalability Efficiency Generally codify expert knowledge of design strategies, constraints & “best practices”

22 Command Pattern You have commands that need to be –executed, –undone, or –queued Command design pattern separates –Receiver from Invoker from Commands All commands derive from Command and implement do(), undo(), and redo() Also allows recording history, replay

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