Presentation on theme: "POLICE REFORM WITHIN AN SSR FRAMEWORK Alexander Mayer-Rieckh Workshop on Police Reform, Tripoli, 24 September 2013."— Presentation transcript:
POLICE REFORM WITHIN AN SSR FRAMEWORK Alexander Mayer-Rieckh Workshop on Police Reform, Tripoli, 24 September 2013
Security sector reform Security – a multi-dimensional definition Traditional state-centred security Human security Security sector – a comprehensive understanding Security and justice Security providers and oversight actors State and non-state actors Security sector reform – 2 core goals Effectiveness and efficiency Accountability and integrity Police reform is more than reforming the police!
People-centred policing Multi-dimensional security – effective service in response to threats facing the people and its state Policing is a service Policing starts and ends with the people = client Concepts: democratic policing, community policing, intelligence-led policing… Accountable to the people Directly Indirectly
Police within the security sector Police cannot function on its own Criminal justice chain: police-justice-corrections Reinforce relationship with prosecutor Policing is not just done by the police Other law enforcement actors Non-state actors (security groups, private companies…) Whoever exercises police powers Policing is related to other security functions Internal and external security – military Policing and intelligence
2 core goals of police reform A police agency 2 institutional levels 2 institutional qualities Capacity and integrity framework (CIF) Not just capacity for operational effectiveness and service delivery but also… Integrity and accountability in accordance with good governance Police reform: promote 2 qualities at 2 levels INTERNAL EXTERNAL CAPACITY/ EFFECTIVENESS INTEGRITY/ ACCOUNTABILITY Mandate Human resources Infrastructure, equipment Structure, rules, procedures Etc. National strategies Management bodies Cooperation Etc. A POLICE AGENCY Human rights, conduct Disciplinary procedures Budgetary accountability Representation Etc. Formal oversight Informal oversight Independence Etc.
Accountability Who guards the guardians? Policing is a critical and sensitive function Abuse of or by the police severely impacts on democracy Multiple accountability Formal-informal mechanisms Internal-external To whom: the people, the media, the parliament, the government, the judiciary, the ombudsperson… Accountability is not control Accountability is answerability, control is interference Accountability of operationally independent agencies
Other integrity issues Representation within the police Gender, ethnicity, regional, religious, etc. How to balance different types of representation? Identification – visualize accountability Transparency Public reports, press conferences, public access to police buildings, community liaison office… Symbols – change perceptions Insignia, locations, names, memorials, apologies… Positive or negative reinforcements
Democratic vs. regime policing Protect government rather than citizens Answer to regime, not to people Control populations rather than protect communities Secure interests of one dominant group Stay outside the community Protect individuals and human rights Accountable to the law, not a law unto itself Accountable to democratic structures and the community Transparent in its activities and adhere to good governance Representative of the community it serves Regime policingDemocratic policing