Presentation on theme: "Wind Energy Science and Engineering John Galisky Space, Technology and Robotic Systems Academy Lompoc High School Lompoc, CA"— Presentation transcript:
Wind Energy Science and Engineering John Galisky Space, Technology and Robotic Systems Academy Lompoc High School Lompoc, CA email@example.com
Introductions What is your name? Where do you work? Why are you here? or What are your expectations?
Agenda Why Teach Wind? History of Wind Power Wind Turbine Technology Wind Resources Some Issues Wind Energy in the Classroom
KidWind Project | www.kidwind.org What is KidWind? The KidWind Project is a team of teachers, students, engineers and practitioners exploring the science behind wind energy in classrooms around the US. Our goal is to introduce as many people as possible to the elegance of wind power through hands-on science activities which are challenging, engaging and teach basic science principles.
KidWind Challenge American Wind Energy Association –Conference & Exhibition –Anaheim, CA –May 22-25
Why Wind Education in K-12 ? Students learn science/math standards – Lessons are completely scalable from elementary through college level Addresses myths regarding wind energy – Improves the local understanding of wind energy – Provides a bulwark against misunderstandings and fictional problems with wind energy Encourages higher interest in Science and Math – Science/Math activities with “larger social purpose” Students learn about jobs/careers in wind industry, as well as opportunities for further training
Typical Wind Lessons - Not Technical Beaufort Scale Pinwheels Student Reports Demonstrations Discussion Activity All very interesting but very little of the science and technology related to the current wind industry is presented. In fact, most textbooks are pretty negative about the future of wind and misrepresent the technology miserably.
This is strange because… Wind Energy is the Fastest Growing Energy Source in the World!! US installed capacity grew 45% in 2007 and 50% in 2008!!!
2008: 8,358 megawatts (MW) of new wind energy capacity installed 50% growth rate! Brings US total installed wind energy capacity to 25,170 MW At ~3.5 kW per house this is enough electricity to power close to 7 million homes! 2009 was a slower year due to the economy
Orientation Turbines can be categorized into two overarching classes based on the orientation of the rotor Vertical AxisHorizontal Axis
Vertical Axis Turbines Advantages Omnidirectional – Accepts wind from any angle Components can be mounted at ground level – Ease of service – Lighter weight towers Can theoretically use less materials to capture the same amount of wind Disadvantages Rotors generally near ground where wind poorer Centrifugal force stresses blades Poor self-starting capabilities Requires support at top of turbine rotor Requires entire rotor to be removed to replace bearings Overall poor performance and reliability Have never been commercially successful (large scale)
Horizontal Axis Wind Turbines Rotors are usually Up-wind of tower Some machines have down-wind rotors, but only commercially available ones are small turbines Proven, viable technology
Modern Small Wind Turbines: High Tech, High Reliability, Low Maintenance Technically Advanced Only 2-3 Moving Parts Very Low Maintenance Requirements Proven: ~ 5,000 On-Grid American Companies are the Market and Technology Leaders 10 kW 50 kW 400 W 900 W (Not to scale)
Yawing – Facing the Wind Active Yaw (all medium & large turbines produced today, & some small turbines from Europe) Anemometer on nacelle tells controller which way to point rotor into the wind Yaw drive turns gears to point rotor into wind Passive Yaw (Most small turbines) Wind forces alone direct rotor Tail vanes Downwind turbines
Calculation of Wind Power Power in the wind Power in the wind – Effect of swept area, A – Effect of wind speed, v – Effect of air density, Swept Area: A = πr 2 Area of the circle swept by the rotor (m 2 ). Power in the Wind = ½ρAv 3 r
Importance of Wind Speed No other factor is more important to the amount of power available in the wind than the speed of the wind Power is a cubic function of wind speed – V X V X V 20% increase in wind speed means 73% more power Doubling wind speed means 8 times more power
In the November-December Audubon Magazine, John Flicker, President of National Audubon Society, wrote a column stating that Audubon "strongly supports wind power as a clean alternative energy source," pointing to the link between global warming and the birds and other wildlife that scientist say it will kill.
Impacts of Wind Power: Noise Modern turbines are relatively quiet Rule of thumb – stay about 3x hub-height away from houses
Where is the wind? Where are the population centers? Where are the wind farms? How do we get wind energy from the wind farms to the population centers? Transmission Problems
Standards/Skills Scientific Processes (Collecting & Presenting Data, Performing Experiments, Repeating Trials, Using Models) Use of Simple Tools & Equipment Forces Cause Change Energy Transformations (Forms of Energy) Circuits/Electricity/Magnetism Weather Patterns Renewable – Non Renewable Energy
Elementary Engineering is Elementary Wind Chimes Wind Art Building simple blades
Middle Building Wind Turbines Assessing Wind Resource Mathematics balloon streamers Kite or balloon string ~3m
WindWise 1.How is Energy Converted to Electricity? 2.What is the Cost of Inefficiency? 3.What Causes Wind? 4.Where Is It Windy? 5.Can Wind Power Your Classroom? 6.How Does a Windmill Work? 7.How Does a Generator Work? 8.Which Blades are Best? 9.How Can I Design A Better Blade? 10.How Does Energy Affect Wildlife? 11.Wind's Risk To Birds 12.Can We Reduce Risk To Bats? 13.How Do People Feel About Wind? 14.Siting A Wind Farm 15.Is Wind A Good Investment? Energy Wind Turbines Wind & Wildlife Siting Wind Turbines
KidWind Project | www.kidwind.org Circuits, Wind Farms, Battery Charging, and Hybrid Systems
KidWind Teacher Workshops Saturday, January 15, Cuesta College Saturday, January 29, College of the Canyons Saturday, February 5, College of the Desert KidWind Challenge American Wind Energy Association –Conference & Exhibition –Anaheim, CA –May 22-25
The KidWind Project www.kidwind.org Questions???