Composition is the arrangement of the parts in a work of art, usually according to the principles of design.
Pigment is the dry coloring matter of paint. Dry color added to a binder makes paint. Paint is a combination of pigment and a binder.
C olor is an element of design derived from reflected light. The sensation of color is aroused in the brain by response of the eyes to different wavelengths of light. A color has hue (color name), intensity (strength), and value (lightness or darkness). Hue is the name of a color, such as yellow, yellow-orange, blue- violet, green, etc.
Monochromatic color schemes are the use of only one color, and varying amounts of white, gray, and black. An example of a monochromatic scheme is tints and shades of blue
Triad is three colors equally spaced on a color wheel
Analogous color schemes are three or more neighbor colors on the color wheel. No colors are skipped. An example of an analogous scheme is green, blue-green, blue, blue-violet, and violet.
Complementary color schemes are opposite each other on the color wheel. They neutralize each other when mixed.
Neutral colors are achieved by mixing all three primary colors together. Neutral colors include grays and brown.
Cool colors are hues on the side of the color wheel that contains blue and green. Warm colors are hues on the side of the color wheel that contains Red and Orange.
Shades are colors with black added. Tints are colors with white added. Intensity refers to strength or purity of a color. A brilliant color has high intensity; a dull color has low intensity. It sometimes is referred to as the chroma.
Transparent is the quality of watercolor occurring when light passes through the color so that the paper or the underlying color shows through. Opaque is the quality of watercolor occurring when light does not pass through the color and underlying paper is hidden