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1 9-1 aslkjdhfalskhjfgalsdkfhalskdhjfglaskdhjflaskdhjfglaksjdhflakshflaksdhjfglaksjhflaksjhf

2 Programming with Visual Web Developer Chapter 9 9 McGraw-Hill© 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.

3 9-3 Objectives Explain the functions of the server and the client in Web programming Create a Web Form and run it in a browser Describe the differences among the various types of Web controls and the relationship of Web controls to controls used on Windows forms Understand the event structure required for Web programs Design a Web Form using tables Validate Web input using the validator controls Define ASP, XML, WSDL, and SOAP

4 9-4 Visual Basic and Web Programming In VB.NET Web Forms are used to create the user interface for Web projects Web Forms display as a document in a browser Create documents that display on mobile devices such as cell phones and personal digital assistants (PDAs)

5 9-5 Client/Server Web Applications Require a server and a client Server sends the Web Pages to the Client Client displays the Web Pages in Browser

6 9-6 Web Servers To develop Web applications use either a Remote Web Server --OR-- Local machine set up as a Web Server by installing IIS before installing VB

7 9-7 Web Clients Browsers display pages written in hypertext markup language (HTML) Microsoft Internet Explorer Netscape Pages may also contain program logic in the form of Java Applets Script JavaScript VBScript JScript

8 9-8 Web Pages Stateless Does not store any information about its contents from one invocation to the next Techniques for working around Stateless Cookies stored on local machine Sending state information to server as part of the page's address, uniform resource locator (URL)

9 9-9 ASP.NET ASP.NET 2.0 is the latest Web programming technology from Microsoft ASP.NET provides libraries, controls and programming support for programs that: Interact with the user Maintain state, render controls Display data, and generate appropriate HTML When using Web Forms in VB.NET you are using ASP.NET Object-oriented event-drive Web applications can be created using VB and ASP.NET

10 9-10 Visual Basic and ASP.NET Each Web Form has two distinct pieces HTML and needed instructions to render the page VB code Web Form generates a file with an.aspx extension for HTML and.aspx.vb extension for the VB code Visual Studio IDE automatically generates the HTML HTML tags can be viewed and modified in the Visual Studio editor VB code contains the program logic to respond to events called the “code-behind” file VB code is not compiled into an.exe file as it is for Windows applications

11 9-11 Types of Web Sites Web applications are referred to as Web sites in VS 2005 There are four types of Web sites File System Web sites IIS Web sites FTP sites Remote sites

12 9-12 Creating a Web Site (1 of 2) Select New Web Site from the File menu- in the New Web Site dialog box selections can be made for template, location, and language A new web site automatically contains one Web page called Default.aspx A second file, Default.aspx.vb, the code-behind file, holds the VB code for the project

13 9-13 Creating New Web Site (2 of 2) Begin a new Web project by entering the location and project name on the New Web Site dialog box.

14 9-14 Web Forms in the Visual Studio IDE As Web project opens, connection to Web Server is established Web forms are based on a completely different class Web forms have different Controls Properties, Methods, and Events Toolbar, Toolbox and lists of files in Solution Explorer

15 9-15 Visual Web Developer with New Web Site

16 9-16 Viewing the HTML Code Design and Sources tabs at bottom of the form in the Designer allow you to switch between the HTML code and VB code Click on the Source tab to view the static HTML code HTML creates the visual elements on the page and is automatically generated

17 9-17 Controls Several types of controls are available for Web Forms and can be mixed on a single form Very often used are the Standard (ASP.NET server controls)-provided by ASP.NET and the.NET framework Web server controls don’t directly correspond to HTML controls but are rendered differently for different browsers to achieve desired look/feel

18 9-18 ToolBox Controls Toolbox includes tabs for selecting control type VS Designer adds a small green arrow in the upper-left corner of server controls Server Control Client-side HTML Control

19 9-19 Event Handling Events are written in the same way as for Windows controls Events may actually occur on Client Server Process of capturing an event, sending it to the server, and executing the required methods is all don automatically Events of Web Forms are somewhat different than for Windows Forms Example: Page_Load versus Form_Load

20 9-20 Files Files in a Web application differ greatly from those in a Windows application Two files make up the form:.aspx file Holds specifications for the user interface.aspx.vb (“code-behind” file) VB code written to respond to events

21 9-21 Debugging IDE does not automatically generate code necessary for debugging a Web application-debugging functions need to be added If running without debugging enabled in the Web.config file an error message is received There are two options: Run without debugging Add Web.config file After creating the Web.config file breakpoints, single- step execution, and display the contents of variable and properties can be set

22 9-22 Add Web.config File

23 9-23 Testing In Other Browsers By default, Web projects are tested in Microsoft Internet Explorer To test in another browser Right-click on the project name Select Browse With

24 9-24 Laying Out Web Forms Factors that will effect the layout of page Browsers Screen Sizes Screen Resolutions Window Sizes ASP.NET generates appropriate HTML to render the page in various browsers but cannot be aware of the screen size, resolution, or window size on the target machine

25 9-25 Using Tables for Layout HTML Tables contain rows and columns Add controls and text to the table cells to align the columns Table is an HTML control, requiring no server-side programming

26 9-26 Entering Controls or Text in a Table Controls can be added to a table cell or type text in a cell during design time Add a label and give it an ID to be able to refer to the text in a cell at run time –OR— Type text directly into the cell

27 9-27 Including Images on Web Pages Use the Image control to add graphics to a Web page Concept is similar to the PictureBox control on Windows Forms but the graphic file is connected differently due to the nature of the Web applications Each Image control has an ImageUrl property that specifies the location of the graphic file Placing an image on a Web page the graphic should first be copied into the Web site folder Image controls can be added to a cell in a table or directly on a Web page

28 9-28 Table and Image Place images, text, and controls where wanting them by using a table.

29 9-29 Navigating Web Pages Add a HyperLink to allow user to navigate to another site or page Enter a Text property for the text to display for the user Enter a NavigateUrl property to specify the URL to which to navigate; the Select URL dialog box displays Select the page from a list If wanting to navigate to another Web site, type the web address as the NavigateUrl property value

30 9-30 Select URL dialog box Select the page to which to navigate for a HyperLink control from the Select URL dialog box.

31 9-31 Adding a Second Web Page To add a new Web Form to a Web site, select Web Form in the Add New Item dialog box. Make sure to choose Visual Basic for the language and select Place code in separate file

32 9-32 Using the Validator Controls ASP.NET provides several controls that can automatically validate input data Steps for using Add a validator control – attach it to an input control and set the error message At run time, when data is input, the error message displays if the validation rule is violated Validator controls run on the client side

33 9-33 Maintaining State Must take steps to maintain values of variables and controls on page Set EnableViewState to True (default) so control contents reappear for each postback Local variables in a Web application are re-created each time the procedure begins Store value of module-level variables in controls to hold their values during postback Use IsPostBack property to control actions on postback

34 9-34 Checking for Postback When an ASP.NET application loads, the Page-Load event occurs—the page is reloaded for each “round- trip” to the server (each postback) The Page-Load event occurs many times in a Web application The page’s IsPostBack property is set to False for the initial page load and to True for all page loads after the first Check for IsPostBack = True to make sure that actions are only performed on postbacks

35 9-35 Managing Web Projects Moving and renaming Web project is easy when using File Systems Web sites opposed to IIS sites Make sure the project is closed so that the project folder can be renamed and then it can be moved or copied to different locations or computers

36 9-36 Using the Copy Web Site Tool Can copy an entire Web site from one location to another on the same computer, or to another computer on a network, or to a remote site Can copy the Web site to a remote server where it can be accessed by multiple users

37 9-37 Some Web Acronyms (1 of 2) XML Extensible Markup Language. This popular tag- based notation isused to define data and their format and transmit the data overthe Web. XML is entirely text based, does not follow any onemanufacturer’s specifications, and can pass through firewalls SOAP Simple Object Access Protocol. An XML-based protocol for exchanging component information among distributed systems of many different types. Since it is based on XML, its messages can pass through network

38 9-38 Some Web Acronyms (2 of 2) HTTP HyperText Transfer Protocol. The protocol used to send and receive Web pages over the Internet using standardized request and response messages Web Service Code in classes used to provide middle- tier services over the Internet WSDL Web Services Description Language. An XML document using specific syntax that defines how a Web service behaves and how clients interact with the service

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