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Economics of Latin America. Panama Canal Video Clip Question – 1. How does the Panama Canal work?

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Presentation on theme: "Economics of Latin America. Panama Canal Video Clip Question – 1. How does the Panama Canal work?"— Presentation transcript:

1 Economics of Latin America

2 Panama Canal Video Clip Question – 1. How does the Panama Canal work?

3 Panama Canal  Panama Canal is a system of locks that shortens the travel time and distance from the Pacific Ocean to the Atlantic Ocean  Panama Canal is an economic chokepoint in Latin America.

4 OPEC  Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries  Venezuela is a member  Money from high oil prices has allowed them to purchase warships

5 Venezuela  Check out this article and watch the clip:  m m m  Questions: 1. What are the warships going to do? 2. What implications does this have for the US?

6 SWITCH  Now switch over to the worksheet.  Do not take notes in your notebook anymore  Your goal is to use the notes on the slides to complete the worksheet  Attach the worksheet into your notebook next to your Trade intro page.

7 Natural Resources Minerals:goldironcoppersilvernickel

8  Agriculture:  good climate  fertile soil

9 Colonial Influences in the Caribbean Spanish: Established sugar plantations Indians and Africans: Used as forced labor

10 Cash Crops  Crops grown for direct sale, not for use in the region  Examples: sugar, bananas, citrus fruits, coffee  Benefit land owners, not workers

11 Economic Growth after Colonialism Caribbean island resorts  Generates income  Provides jobs

12 NAFTA  North American Free Trade Agreement  Trade agreement creating a cooperative trade zone between the US, Canada, and Mexico  Mexico trying to reduce poverty and increase industrialization

13 NAFTA Article  Access the article below:  009.stm 009.stm 009.stm  Answer these questions in your NOTEBOOK: 1. What are the positive and negative effects of NAFTA. - Answer them for both Mexico and the US

14 Maquiladoras  Factories in Mexico used to assemble imported materials into finished products and export them mostly back to the US  Located mainly along northern border of Mexico  Examples of goods-electronic equipment, clothing, furniture

15 Maquiladoras

16 Where people live  Central America-agriculture still important  Caribbean islands-tourism important  Would these jobs be found in urban or rural areas?

17 Informal Economy  jobs found in the tourism industry that do not include benefits or protection of workers

18 FTAA  Free Trade Area of the Americas  Offers greater trading opportunities, world markets and economic growth for member countries  To include all countries of North and South America except Cuba  Designed to expand NAFTA

19 Mercosur - Trade Group Mercosur - Trade Group South American Common Market Created to increase trade, increase South American GDP’s Similar to EU and NAFTA Mercosur member nations

20 Mercosur  Goals—to make members’ economies more stable, –increase trade in the region, –to use some money to improve the most needy

21 Greatest South American success Story  The country of Chile: –Participation in global trade –Abundant Natural Resources

22 Chile  South America’s greatest economic success story. 1. Global Trade 2. Exports Food and COPPER 3. Mercosur allows them to trade freely. GDP per capita – 1945-2000 Chile = Blue Rest of South America = Orange

23 Corruption  Corruption - Acting dishonestly or immorally.  A history of corruption is one reason most Latin American countries are still developing economically.

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