2 Alternative Resources Natural ResourcesFossil FuelsAlternative Resources1112223334455667788991010111112121314
3 1. The organisms that formed fossil fuels originally received and stored their energy from the A. water.B. SunC. windD. Earth’s heat.
4 2. The nonrenewable resource we use the most is A. fossil fuel.B. wind energy.C. solar energy.D. geothermal energy.
5 3. Which statement describes a reasonable way to deal with fossil fuel problems? A. Use nonrenewable resources.B. Recycle all of our energy.C. Conserve energy and use alternative resources.D. Both (a) and (b)
18 1. Which statement does NOT correctly match the energy source with its advantages? A. Solar energy cannot be used up and does not pollute the atmosphere.B. Natural gas burns cleaner than gasoline.C. Hydroelectric dams produce no hazardous wastes.D. Coal can be easily obtained with minimal environmental damage.
19 2. In coal , the higher the carbon content, the A. more polluting it becomes.B. less clean it burns.C. less time it takes to form.D. cleaner it burns.
20 3. Strip mining is used A. to mine shallow coal deposits. B. to limit the use of explosives.C. in order to protect the environment.D. when coal is found deep in the Earth.
21 4. Most power plants produce electricity by A. harnessing the energy of falling water.B. capturing sunlight with solar collectors.C. forcing the nuclei of atoms to fuse.D. burning materials that contain carbon.
22 5. Gasohol is not a practical fuel for cars in the United States because A. we do not grow enough corn.B. we use so much car fuel.C. it forms 10 percent of car fuel.D. it produces a lot of pollution.
23 6. Petroleum is extracted from A. deep layers of rock.B. sandy beaches.C. ocean waters.D. Both (b) and (c)
24 7. Coal, petroleum, and natural gas are all examples of A. forms of alternative resources.B. fossil fuels.C. renewable resources.D. All of the above
25 8. Which fossil fuel creates the fewest harmful emissions? A. natural gasB. coalC. oilD. peat
26 9. The cleanest burning fossil fuel is A. Petroleum.B. Natural gas.C. coal.D. oil.
27 10. Smog is a bigger problem in cities in the southwestern United States than in the eastern United States becauseA. More people live in the southwest.B. polluting industries are concentrated in the southwest.C. the southwest gets more sunlight, which helps form smog.D. the air in the southwest has more dust.
28 11. Most coal used in the United States today is burned by A. homes for summertime barbecue.B. businesses for power.C. trains for power.D. power plants to run electric generators.
29 12. Lignite is formed much the same way as A. bituminous coal.B. geothermal energy.C. nuclear energy.D. biomass.
30 13. All of the following are separated from petroleum EXCEPT A. fuel oilB. jet fuelC. ligniteD. kerosene.
31 14. Coal was formed from the remains of swamp ____ that lived millions of years ago. A. organismsB. rockC. waterD. All of the above
33 1. The ____ limits the use of solar-energy systems. A. need for pollution controlsB. production of toxic wastesC. high cost of equipmentD. low availability of energy
34 2. Why are large amounts of water used in nuclear power plants? A. to cool the plantB. to control radioactive wasteC. to start nuclear reactionsD. to increase energy production
35 3. The energy source powering the geyser Old Faithful, in Yellowstone National Park, is A. Nuclear energy.B. wind energy.C. electrical energy.D. geothermal energy.
36 4. One disadvantage of hydroelectric dams is that they A. Add pollutant by products to the water.B. increase the potential for flooding.C. consume more energy than they produce.D. disrupt previously existing ecosystems.
37 5. Dung is a type of A. geothermal energy. B. biomass. C. gasohol. D. None of the above
38 6. The problem with nuclear fusion is that A. it is more dangerous than nuclear fissionB. there are many technical difficulties that need to be solved.C. it does not release much energy.D. the process by which it works is unknown.
39 7.Which of the following would be the best place to tap into geothermal energy? A. volcanic IcelandB. the rain forests of BrazilC. Mountainous SwitzerlandD. the plains of Illinois
40 8. A generator converts physical or chemical energy into A. power.B. steam.C. electricity.D. All of the above
41 9. Plants, wood, and animal waste are all examples of A. Nonrenewable resources.B. fossil fuels.C. biomass.D. inorganic matter.
42 10. If you lived in the desert, which energy source would probably be the most useful? A. biomassB. hydroelectric energyC. solar energyD. wind energy
43 11. A solar-powered calculator uses A. solar cells.B. solar mirrors.C. solar panels.D. solar collectors.
44 12. What is the main problem that prevents geothermal energy from being widely used? A. Geothermal energy is only available in tropical countries.B. Using geothermal energy contaminates the surrounding countryside with radioactive waste.C. The technology for using geothermal energy to make electricity has not yet been developed.D. For geothermal energy to work, a hot underground water source must be available.