Presentation on theme: "Unit Four Lesson 24 How are National Laws Administered in the American Constitutional System?"— Presentation transcript:
1 Unit Four Lesson 24How are National Laws Administered in the American Constitutional System?
2 Congress would need to execute the laws Congress would need to execute the laws. The executive branch was designed to do thisThe Federal Government is run by the BUREAUCRACY3 categories of Executive Agencies used to execute lawsExecutive Departments15 Departments, leader (Secretary) appointed by the PresidentEach Secretary serves on the President’s Cabinet and is in line of succession for the PresidencyExecutive Office of the President (EOP)created to give the President the “machinery” to manage the government (budgeting, personnel management, etc)Independent AgenciesAgencies created for a specific purpose (Social Security Agency)Often had executive, legislative and judicial functions.
3 Executive departments Department of Agriculture (USDA)Department of Commerce (DOC)Department of Defense (DOD)Department of Education (ED)Department of Energy (DOE)Department of Health and Human Services (HHS)Department of Homeland Security (DHS)Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD)Department of Justice (DOJ)Department of Labor (DOL)Department of State (DOS)Department of the Interior (DOI)Department of the TreasuryDepartment of Transportation (DOT)Department of Veterans Affairs (VA)
4 Why does congress create administrative organizations and what powers do they have? Laws are often written in general termsExecutive agencies have “quasi-legislative” powers to administer the lawsSome use “quasi-judicial” powers in enforcing the lawsEXAMPLE - Internal Revenue Service (16th Amendment gave Congress the power to tax income directions)It leaves up to the IRS to make and enforce rules about tax collection
5 How are Executive Agencies Staffed? Civil Service Program (merit system) was created in 1883Congress establishes the requirements for holding office (wages, benefits, standards of performance)Created to insulate workers from politicsOLD DAYS - Patronage: rewarding supporters by giving them permanent gov’t jobsTODAY - Most government jobs are not reliant on who wins the election. Only appointed jobs go with the office holderPresident can make APPOINTMENTS to federal agenciesServe at the pleasure of the presidentNumbers have been growing steadilyUsually lose their jobs when their person leaves office
6 Checks and Balances on The Executive branch The PresidentCan fire anyone he/she appointsHired positions go through a government employment agencyExecutive Orders – to accomplish president’s goalsLike laws – used to get job doneCongressCreates agencies it feels necessary to fulfill agenda/lawsSenate must confirm presidential appointeesReview budgetsEach departmentPresident’s budgetCongressional budget
7 Checks and balances Courts Federalism S.C. determines of other branches exceed their powersHas ruled Congress must clear define standardsFederalismStates my opt to not enforce objectives they disagree withStates often work together to try to alter/block federal actionsCitizens, Interest Groups and the MediaCitizens work to get government to meet their needs/wantsInterest Groups keep a close eye on actions of the gov’tMedia alerts the public to problems and miscarriages of justice