2 Aim: How were the Crusades both a success and a failure? Do Now:What is your definition of a success?What is your definition of a failure?Give an example of each.
3 Working in your groupsTask: You will work in small groups. Each one of you will be responsible for reading one document and filling out the appropriate part of the chart on the back.You will then exchange information.One person in the group will be responsible for reporting to the class.
4 DebriefPlease follow along and fill in your class notes for the day.
5 The InvadersIn 1093, Byzantine Emperor named Alexius Comnenus ask for help against invadersTHE INVADERS: The Muslim Turks aka Ottoman TurksThe Muslim Turks were trying to take over the Byzantine capital of CONSTANTINOPLE
6 Pope Urban IIPope Urban II read the letter asking for help and called for a “holy war” or CRUSADEHe said those who fought and died in the Crusades would be promised a spot in Heaven with all sins forgiven
8 THE GOAL The goal of these Christian soldiers were to recover 1. Jerusalem and2. Holy LandThey wanted it back from the Muslim Turks
9 Crusader SpiritThere were economic and religious motives for the CrusadesKings and the Church: A way to get rid of knights who always fought each other and threatened the peace of the kingdomYounger Sons: A way to gain land and position in society since the oldest son gets everythingKnights and Commoners: fired by religious zeal (passion)
12 First Crusade Unprepared troops No strategy Captured Jerusalem Carved in up into 4 Crusader states
13 Second Crusade Muslim leader Saladin takes control of Jerusalem Muslim Turks re-conquer the citySaladin is described to be honest and brave
14 Third CrusadeRichard the Lion Hearted = English King and two other leaders recapture JerusalemHe and Saladin respected each other
15 In the End The Christians are finally pushed out of Jerusalem Muslim Turks are the victors and take over the Byzantine in 1453
16 Effects of the Crusades Negatives:Weakened the Byzantine Empire, the Pope and noblesKings become strongerLeaves a legacy of bitterness between the Christians, Jews and the MuslimsPositives:Stimulated trade throughout the Mediterranean and Middle EastEurope learns much from the Muslims