2 Definition of Imperialism Imperialism occurs when a strong nation takes over a weaker nation or region and dominates its economic, political, and/or cultural life.
3 Age of ImperialismThe Age of Imperialism was roughly the mid- 1800s to early-1900sEuropean nations sought to gain new colonies and the United States eventually followed.Imperialists used ideas of racial, national and cultural superiority to justify their actions
4 Causes of Imperialism Economic Motives Nationalism The Industrial Revolution created a demand for raw materials and new marketsNationalismExtreme pride in one’s country, nations wanted to demonstrate their power to the rest of the world
5 Causes of Imperialism Balance of Power White Man’s Burden Nations needed to acquire colonies in order to compete with their neighborsWhite Man’s BurdenEuropean sense of superiority made them feel obligated to “civilize the heathen savages” they encountered.
6 Imperialism in America America was “discovered” by Europeans who were practicing an early form of imperialism.ExpansionismIn the early 19th century, Americans began to expand west.Much of the land west of the Mississippi River was either undeveloped or under Spanish control.
7 Imperialism in America Manifest DestinyTerm used to describe United States expansion west.During the 19th century the term “manifest destiny” was used to justify the annexation of Texas, Oregon, New Mexico and California.
8 American Empire Monroe Doctrine Policy stating that European nations may not seek colonies in the western hemisphere.Latin America resented the “big brother” behavior of the United States.
9 American EmpireDuring the Age of Imperialism, the U.S. sought control of territories in the Pacific and Latin America.
10 American Imperialism Today Today some feel the U.S. foreign policy is based upon imperialistic ideasToday the United States has military bases in 36 different countriesThe U.S. has also sought to control weaker nations economically.Making weak nations dependent on the U.S.