3 OBJECTIVE: Analyze Narrator and Point of View The narrator is the person who relates the events of a story to a reader or audience.Point of view is the perspective from which a story is told. The point of view from which a story is told determines how the reader interprets the story and understands the characters.
4 OBJECTIVE: Analyze Narrator and Point of View Three major types of Point of ViewFirst Person: narrator is a character in the story; uses the first person “I”Third Person Limited: narrator does not participate in the action of the story; relates the thoughts and feelings of only one characterThird Person Omniscient: narrator does not participate in the action of the story; relates the thoughts and feelings of all the characters
5 OBJECTIVE: Analyze Narrator and Point of View The Great Gatsby is told from the first person point of view.The story is told by narrator Nick Carraway, and he uses the first person pronouns “I,” “me,” and “my” to help convey events.What are the pros and cons of first person narrative?
6 OBJECTIVE: Analyze Narrator and Point of View The Great Gatsby is told from the first person point of view.The story is told by narrator Nick Carraway, and he uses the first person pronouns “I,” “me,” and “my” to help convey events.What are the pros and cons of first person narrative?
8 OBJECTIVE: Analyze Fitzgerald’s use of setting The setting is made up of the following key aspects:TimeLocationThe people living thereThe cultureThe historyBased on our studies of Fitzgerald and his other works, what should we consider in this text?
10 OBJECTIVE: Analyze characterization in Gatsby Characterization is the technique by which authors develop characters.Direct characterization is when the author or narrator tells the reader what the character is like.“Jennifer is a good student.”Indirect characterization is when the author gives information about a character and allows the reader to draw his or her own conclusions about that character.
11 OBJECTIVE: Analyze characterization in Gatsby There are two ways we can learn about a character through Indirect CharacterizationA character’s own thoughts, feelings and actions.“On her way to class after lunch, Susan saw some trash on the ground that wasn’t hers. She decided to pick it up anyway, and threw it in the trash can.”Interactions with other characters— the reader witnesses how characters interact and what they say about each other.“Lacy said, ‘Julie seems to not care about her school work anymore. It’s as if she is distracted or concerned about something. What do you think?’ ‘I don’t know, but it is certainly unlike her to get bad grades,’ Jazmine replied.
12 OBJECTIVE: Analyze characterization in Gatsby Stories that are narrated in the first person can be confusing when you are finding direct quotes.Because The Great Gatsby is narrated in the first person by Nick, all direct characterization will also be Nick’s interpretation and opinion.As discussed with Day One, there are pros and cons to his
14 OBJECTIVE: Identify foreshadowing; make predictions Foreshadowing: hints and clues of events to occur later in the plot.Used in order to build suspense and make a story more interestingPrediction: or an educated guess, as to what will happen next based on these hints or clues
15 OBJECTIVE: Identify foreshadowing; make predictions “No—Gatsby turned out all right at the end; it is what preyed on Gatsby, what foul dust floated in the wake of his dreams that temporarily closed out my interest in the abortive sorrows and short-winded elations of men.” (Nick, as narrator)Summary:Prediction:
16 OBJECTIVE: Identify foreshadowing; make predictions “No—Gatsby turned out all right at the end; it is what preyed on Gatsby, what foul dust floated in the wake of his dreams that temporarily closed out my interest in the abortive sorrows and short-winded elations of men.” (Nick, as narrator)Summary: Gatsby turned out to be a decent person in Nick’s eyes. What ended up bothering Nick were the cruel people and sad events that took place surrounding Gatsby, making him sick and tired of the people around him.Prediction: Something is going to happen to Gatsby, but he will turn out okay. It seems like Nick will struggle with how to view him, though. Nick will end up sick of people and hearing about their problems.
18 OBJECTIVE: Identify symbolism Symbolism is the creative use of objects, or symbols, to indicate a deeper meaning or to represent something important.Just as a heart is a symbol of love or a turkey is a symbol of Thanksgiving, colors, animals, weather, numbers, and even people can act as symbols in a piece of literature.It is important that we recognize the author’s use of symbols to indicate a deeper message in his or her work. Fitzgerald skillfully uses symbolism throughout The Great Gatsby to create a novel full of depth and significance.
20 OBJECTIVE: Identify figurative language There are several types of figurative language that Fitzgerald utilizes, called figures of speech:metaphor - a comparison made between two seemingly unlike objects: “the pillow was a cloud”simile - a comparison between two unlike objects using the words “like” or “as” in the comparison: “the pillow was like a marshmallow”personification - giving human qualities or characteristics to non-human objects: “the wind sang its sad song”
22 OBJECTIVE: Identify traits of the author’s style Style is a literary technique used by an author to create a piece of literature that reveals the author’s uniqueness.Word choice, figurative language, imagery, rhythm, sentence structure, foreshadowing, symbolism, use of dialect, for example, all work together to make an author’s writing distinctive.Very often, the time period in which an author writes strongly influences his style.
23 OBJECTIVE: Identify traits of the author’s style F. Scott Fitzgerald’s uses symbolism, imagery, and repetition of ideas and situations extensively.He also uses some difficult vocabulary, limited dialogue between characters, and the powerful effect of first-person narration as Nick struggles to make sense of the characters and their complicated lives.
25 OBJECTIVE: Understand organization of a well-developed paragraph for a lit analysis TIQA-TIQA is an acronym for a technique that you can use in writing a literary analysis.A literary analysis is a type of essay that analyzes or looks at a specific aspect of a piece of literature in detailPossible ways to do this include analyzing characters, theme(s), setting, symbolism, etc.
26 OBJECTIVE: Understand organization of a well-developed paragraph for a lit analysis For a well-developed body paragraph, you should have the following:Topic sentence Introduce quote: put quote into context (what’s going on in the story). Quote: provide your direct/indirect quote - Yellow Analyze: explain to the reader the importance of the quote and how it supports your topic sentence –Pink Pink (at least two sentences to analyze quote)Transition (notice, this is a different ‘T’) Introduce quote: put the next quote into context. Quote: provide a second direct/indirect quote - Yellow Analyze: explain to the reader the importance of the quote and how it supports your topic sentence –Pink Pink (at least two sentences to analyze quote)
27 Chapter IX Final analysis of themes and symbols
28 OBJECTIVE: Identify key themes and symbols Last class, we worked on writing well-developed paragraphs for a literary analysis.As you think about an essay topic, writing on theme(s) or symbol(s) would be a great option.
29 OBJECTIVE: Identify key themes and symbols Reminder:Theme is the central idea or message in a work of literature.The theme of a piece of literature should not be confused with the subject of the work: theme is a general statement about life or human nature.A reader must take a good look at the entire novel: the title, plot, characters, setting, and mood, which all work together to reveal the themes in a piece of literature.
30 OBJECTIVE: Identify key themes and symbols As mentioned in the symbolism activity from Chapter Five, symbols are found throughout the novel The Great Gatsby.One type of symbol that is particularly prevalent is color.Colors have connotations, or additional meaning associated with them.These connotations can be crucial in deciphering the meaning and importance behind characters, images, or objects.