Presentation on theme: "December 1 , 2014 Agenda Mexico Warm-Up Finish Latin America Projects"— Presentation transcript:
1 December 1 , 2014 Agenda Mexico Warm-Up Finish Latin America Projects Mexico City experiences frequent Smog.Smog is air pollution caused by vehicle emissions mixing with Fog.What can Mexico City do to decrease the pollution caused by automobiles?
3 Physical Geography of Mexico What major physical features are found in Mexico?Bodies of Water - Pacific Ocean, Gulf of Mexico, Gulf of California, Caribbean Sea, Rio GrandePeninsulas – Yucatan, Baja CaliforniaMountains - Sierra Madre Occidental, Sierra Madre Oriental,Deserts - Chihuahua Desert, Sonora Desert
4 Physical Geography of Mexico Desert in the NorthSemi-Arid in the CenterTropical (Hot & Wet) in the SouthMexico is located on the Ring of FireMany volcanoes and earthquakes, like Popocatepetl, and Paricutin.
5 Physical Geography - Natural Hazards Volcanoes in southern half, such as Paricutin and Popocatepetl (A 17,886ft volcano outside Mexico City)Earthquakes – 1985 Mexico City Quake killed 9,000 and hurt 30,000!Hurricanes/Typhoons on the Pacific, Gulf of Mexico, and Caribbean coastsEl Nino – Lead to floods or DroughtPopocatepetl day and night in 2012
6 Human Geography: Politics and Religion Federal Republic, with Three Branch System (Executive, Legislative, Judicial), much like USA.Many political parties: three biggest are the:PRI- The Institutional Revolutionary Party (started in 1929 and governed for 71 years)PAN- National Action Party (defeated the PRI candidate for President in 2000 and 2006)PRD- Party of the Democratic RevolutionMostly Catholic (89%)2nd largest Catholic population in the world.Catholicism (Christianity) combined with Aztec and Indian beliefsMexico's incoming president Enrique Pena Nieto
7 NAFTA North American Free Trade Agreement 1994 Treaty Connects economies of USA, Mexico, and Canadareduce barriers to make trade easier
9 Maquiladoras Border factories Owned by foreign companies Mexican workers, managersShip parts to MexicoShip assembled products back to US for sale.
10 Why Do This?Cheap Labor – Mexican workers get paid less money than Americans, for same kinds of work.Fewer Restrictions – Fewer laws about safety and pollution in Mexico. Cheaper to run a factory.Both good and bad – long hours and low pay, but provide jobs, especially for women
11 Human Geography - Urban Geography Rapid population growth (rural to urban migration)Why?Push-Pull Factors - People looking for jobs and services, none in country so they move to the citiesShantytowns – Slums without running waterLittle or no electricitymade of scrap materials
12 Human Geography -Demographics Population is 112 million65% Mestizo20-25% European (Spain)10% Indian75% live in citiesLargest city is Mexico City, with almost 20 million people
13 Human Geography - Culture - Art, Music, Dance Art: Diego Rivera, Frida Kahlo are most famous painters from MexicoMuralistsLiterature: “Magical Realism” is a famous style, used by many Mexican authors – such as Octavio Paz.Music: Ranchera, Banda in north, Marimba is south, plus newer genres like Norteno, Tejano, & Pop