Presentation on theme: "Chapter 9 Development -Short version-. What is DEVELOPMENT? The continued progress of a society in all areas ranging from demographics to economics to."— Presentation transcript:
What is DEVELOPMENT? The continued progress of a society in all areas ranging from demographics to economics to social factors.
Human Development Index (HDI) “Economists and Geographers agree that certain characteristics of development affect all members of a human race regardless of culture” ~Kaplan~ 4 Indicators of Human Development 1.Life Expectancy 2.Literacy 3.Education 4.Standard of Living
Education of Girls Map (# of girls in school per 100 boys)
% of population with high school diploma or higher
Economic Data Indicators Can also measure development of a society Gross Domestic Product (GDP) – Selling price of all goods & services produced in a country in a year. Gross National Product (GNP) – Value of goods & services produced by that countries companies in a year. Can include sales by transnational corporations in other countries.
GDP per Capita GDP divided by total population of that country. Result is value of the average person’s production in a year. 2005 GDP of the USA was over 12.4 trillion, it’s nearest competitor was Japan. BUT GDP per capita shows that the leading country is Luxembourg with $70,000. The USA is $41,000.
Economic Sectors You can analyze the development of a country by looking at where the majority of people work in their economy. If the majority of people in a society worked in agricultural sectors, what level of development do you think that society would be in?
Primary Economic Sectors Involvement in basic activities, such as farming. Primary industries extract resources from the Earth, such as timber, fish, minerals, and soil.
Secondary Economic Sectors Use the materials from primary activities to manufacture a product for purchase. Ex: Furniture making
Tertiary Economic Activities Sells the products from the secondary economic sectors and provide services
Types of Jobs are different in LDC’s and MDC’s Agriculture Jobs 60% in LDC compared to only 5% in MDC LDC’s first priority is food production for survival MDC’s have recently experienced a decline in manufacturing jobs. Why?
Rags to Riches: Dimensions of Development 1. What two indicators did you use to assess a country’s level of development? 2. Why would researchers want to look at the % of people involved in non-agricultural activities? What do non-agricultural activities indicate? 3. What correlations did you notice between a country’s GDP per-capita ranking & their non- agricultural employment ranking? 4. How did these rankings impact their overall economic development ranking? Answer these on a separate sheet of paper when you are done with the activity!