Presentation on theme: "Communication and Trade Networks"— Presentation transcript:
1 Communication and Trade Networks Period 2 600BCE-600CEAdaptation of AP World History Crash Courseby Jay HarmonCommunication and Trade Networks
2 The Land Networks of Africa, Europe and Asia GeographyDetermined what, where, and by whomClimate and topography (mountains, plains, etc) determine where minerals can be found, types of plants that can be grown, where ports and passes existMerchants needed safe pathsTrade happens because people want goodsSalt needed to preserve foodMerchants were willing to do it to get nice payoffsAfro-Eurasian trade is like a web allowing merchants to make trade “relays”.
3 The Silk RoadsMost extensive land based trade route at the time named after the highly valued silk that was tradedFor centuries only the Chinese knew how to make silk-light, soft and durable.Other items tradedEast Asia to the west: horses, spices, furs, ivory, perfumes, lacquered boxes and furniture, rice, wool, tea, and porcelain (known as “China”)South Asia to east and west: cotton, spices, sandalwood, riceCentral Asia to east, west, and south: dates, almonds, fruit, camels, horsesWest to east and south: glass, gold, furs, amber, cattle, olive oil and perfumes
4 Exchange of grains and fabric changed farming techniques-qanat system Merchants and missionaries from South Asia intoduced BuddhismDisease was also transported along the Silk RoadsPandemic (widespread) diseases such as the bubonic plague (the Black Death)
5 Saharan Caravan Routes Commerce across North AfricaMediterranean coastal cities provided ports and resourcesDates, cotton, dyes, leather, and glass were supplied from these portsMerchants who ventured into the Saharan desert traded gold, salt, ivory, animal hides and slavesThe camelAround 1st century CE introduced as a means of transporting goods which led to a major increase in tradeIn the next era, Islam was carried along these routes
6 The Sea Networks of Africa, Europe and Asia Indian Ocean Trading NetworkLargest sea trading area in the world until the late 1400sConnected Southeast Asia and China to Africa, the Middle East, and South AsiaMajor conveyor of Buddhism and later in the next era IslamSimilar items to the Silk Roads: silk, cotton, spices, horses, ivory, gold, porcelain, and peopleAll sea trade depended on ocean currents and windThe monsoon winds blow along east African coast toward South Asia in the summer and down the east African coast in the winter. This natural “clock” helped merchants plan the timing and content of their shipmentsSmall but seaworthy trading ships used by Arab merchants called dhows, used a triangular lateen sail to follow these winds
7 Mediterranean Trading Areas Beginning with the Egyptians and Phonetians and continuing with Greeks and RomansOlives, pottery, glass, woodwork, leather, and woolOut of Africa merchants traded gold, ivory, salt, copper, and slavesChristianity also moved along these routesBlack Sea Trading AreasAsia on the east and Europe on the westConstantinople (Byzantium) was a great point of exchangeCarried goods from Silk Roads, the Mediterranean, and Russia
8 Exchanging Goods in the Americas Much smaller scale exchangeFar fewer people in the Americas. 12 million out of the 250 million on Earth at the timeFew types of domesticated animals and no wheel until Europeans arrived in 1400CEThe llama and alpaca were used in Andes and in other parts of the Americas dogs pulled sledsNarrow jungle terrain of the Isthmus of Panama made it difficult to trade from North to SouthTrade did occur in relay fashionTobacco, corn, manufactured goods like pottery, jewelry, and clothing.