2 Rate of Growth Between ages 4-6 is slightly slower than age 1-2 Average increase in height is inches per yearWeight gain varies from 4-5 lbs a yearBoys tends to be taller and heavier than girls during this time
3 TeethAround 5-6, larger permanent teeth start to replace the baby teethChildren will eventually have a total of 32 teeth
4 Thumb SuckingSome 4,5, & 6 yr. olds continue to suck their thumbs occasionally as a way to comfort themselves or handle stressGenerally children stop sucking their thumbs on their ownCheck with a dentist if thumb-sucking is excessive, it could affect the teeth line up
5 Motor Skills Small and large skills increase significantly 4-6 yr. olds are energetic, they love using their gross motor skillsMost have improved dexterity and can now lace shoes, even if they can’t tie them, they can pour liquids into a glassMost can draw detailed pictures, use scissors, and write their names
6 Hand preferenceSome children express a preference for using one hand over the other after age 2Others may switch until later of year 5Ambidextrous children can write and do activities with both handsThere is no reason to try to influence children to become one hand preference over another
7 Providing Good Nutrition Need steady and varied supply of various nutritious foods – aids intellectual developmentChildren should eat 5-6 nutritious small meals a day, meaning 3 meals and 2 snacksSmall portions are best, because their stomachs are small
8 Nutrition, continued Teach good habits by example Let them choose veggies and fruits to eatAdd (Hide) veggies in foods like adding veggies to chili, or hide carrot chunks in a chicken casseroleNutrition lessons start at home, TV commercials may be harmful
9 Nutritional Concerns2 signs that children are meeting their nutritional needs for normal growth and development are gaining weight and eating a variety of nutritious foods.Overeating can cause diabetes and heart diseases
10 Weight ProblemsAll children are shaped differently and have different bone structuresDoctors can give specific suggestions for your child’s body typeChildren need lots of activityEat less fatty foods – starts bad habitsEncourage drinking water
11 Teaching Self-care skills Teach children to bathe, let them practiceRemind them to clean first and play and have fun laterTeach children to brush their teeth and floss earlyAge 5 is recommended time for first visit to dentist
12 Sleep Sleep – children 4-6 need 10-12 hours sleep a night Read bedtime stories –2 reasons :caregivers and parents show “nurture” and love through, close personal attention.Routine reading is a way to help children develop interest in books and reading.
13 Dressing and Choosing clothes 4-6 year olds start and then get good at dressing themselvesSome may need help with fasteners and buttonsSelect layered clothing to adjust to temperature changesBuy easy –to- get on clothesChildren do have likes and dislikes – try to choose your battles
14 Choosing clothes Keep in mind COMFORT, DURABILITY, ECONOMY They won’t wear them long before they outgrow them
15 ToiletingBy 4, most children are potty trained, but still have a few accidentsNight-time bed-wetting may be a problem, check with doctor and adjust, they will grow out of it
16 Remember these tips Before leaving home, take child to restroom When arriving in public place, point out where bathroom is , and remind them often to goKeep an extra outfit in the car or close byHandle situations of accidents quietly and without drawing any unnecessary attention to itStress of new places and new routines may cause relapses to accidents
17 Review Questions Why do some children suck their thumbs? What is hand preference? When does it seem evident (age)?What does ambidextrous mean?What are two signs that children are meeting their nutritional needs?What 2 things can over-eating cause?